Electrophysiological dissociation between verbal and nonverbal semantic processing in learning disabled adults

Elena Plante, Cyma Van Petten, Ava J. Senkfor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

42 Scopus citations

Abstract

Event-related potentials (ERPs) were recorded as 16 adults with learning disabilities (LD) and 16 controls were presented with two sets of stimuli. The first set comprised pairs of line drawings and environmental sounds (nonverbal condition); the second consisted of printed and spoken words (verbal condition). In the controls, semantically related items elicited smaller N400s than unrelated items in both conditions, with opposing hemispheric asymmetries for spoken words and environmental sounds. The LD group did not show a significant difference between related and unrelated words, despite a robust context effect for nonspeech sounds. The results suggest anomalous processing limited to the verbal domain in a simple semantic association task in the LD group. Semantic deficits in this group may reflect a relatively specific deficit in forming verbal associations rather than a more general difficulty that spans both verbal and nonverbal domains. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1669-1684
Number of pages16
JournalNeuropsychologia
Volume38
Issue number13
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 12 2000

Keywords

  • ERP
  • Language
  • Lateralization
  • Learning disabilities
  • Semantics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Electrophysiological dissociation between verbal and nonverbal semantic processing in learning disabled adults'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this