Elements of morphology: Standard terminology for the head and face

Judith E. Allanson, Christopher M Cunniff, H. Eugene Hoyme, Julie McGaughran, Max Muenke, Giovanni Neri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

75 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An international group of clinicians working in the field of dysmorphology has initiated the standardization of terms used to describe human morphology. The goals are to standardize these terms and reach consensus regarding their definitions. In this way, we will increase the utility of descriptions of the human phenotype and facilitate reliable comparisons of findings among patients. Discussions with other workers in dysmorphology and related fields, such as developmental biology and molecular genetics, will become more precise. Here we introduce the anatomy of the craniofacies and define and illustrate the terms that describe the major characteristics of the cranium and face. Published 2009 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6-28
Number of pages23
JournalAmerican Journal of Medical Genetics, Part A
Volume149
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2009

Fingerprint

Terminology
Head
Developmental Biology
Skull
Molecular Biology
Anatomy
Phenotype

Keywords

  • Anatomy
  • Anthropometry
  • Chin
  • Cranium
  • Definitions
  • Face
  • Head
  • Mandible
  • Maxilla
  • Neck
  • Nomenclature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics(clinical)
  • Genetics

Cite this

Elements of morphology : Standard terminology for the head and face. / Allanson, Judith E.; Cunniff, Christopher M; Eugene Hoyme, H.; McGaughran, Julie; Muenke, Max; Neri, Giovanni.

In: American Journal of Medical Genetics, Part A, Vol. 149, No. 1, 01.2009, p. 6-28.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Allanson, Judith E. ; Cunniff, Christopher M ; Eugene Hoyme, H. ; McGaughran, Julie ; Muenke, Max ; Neri, Giovanni. / Elements of morphology : Standard terminology for the head and face. In: American Journal of Medical Genetics, Part A. 2009 ; Vol. 149, No. 1. pp. 6-28.
@article{3ca8508aae9c41f1a57b7828b2db3975,
title = "Elements of morphology: Standard terminology for the head and face",
abstract = "An international group of clinicians working in the field of dysmorphology has initiated the standardization of terms used to describe human morphology. The goals are to standardize these terms and reach consensus regarding their definitions. In this way, we will increase the utility of descriptions of the human phenotype and facilitate reliable comparisons of findings among patients. Discussions with other workers in dysmorphology and related fields, such as developmental biology and molecular genetics, will become more precise. Here we introduce the anatomy of the craniofacies and define and illustrate the terms that describe the major characteristics of the cranium and face. Published 2009 Wiley-Liss, Inc.",
keywords = "Anatomy, Anthropometry, Chin, Cranium, Definitions, Face, Head, Mandible, Maxilla, Neck, Nomenclature",
author = "Allanson, {Judith E.} and Cunniff, {Christopher M} and {Eugene Hoyme}, H. and Julie McGaughran and Max Muenke and Giovanni Neri",
year = "2009",
month = "1",
doi = "10.1002/ajmg.a.32612",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "149",
pages = "6--28",
journal = "American Journal of Medical Genetics, Part A",
issn = "1552-4825",
publisher = "Wiley-Liss Inc.",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Elements of morphology

T2 - Standard terminology for the head and face

AU - Allanson, Judith E.

AU - Cunniff, Christopher M

AU - Eugene Hoyme, H.

AU - McGaughran, Julie

AU - Muenke, Max

AU - Neri, Giovanni

PY - 2009/1

Y1 - 2009/1

N2 - An international group of clinicians working in the field of dysmorphology has initiated the standardization of terms used to describe human morphology. The goals are to standardize these terms and reach consensus regarding their definitions. In this way, we will increase the utility of descriptions of the human phenotype and facilitate reliable comparisons of findings among patients. Discussions with other workers in dysmorphology and related fields, such as developmental biology and molecular genetics, will become more precise. Here we introduce the anatomy of the craniofacies and define and illustrate the terms that describe the major characteristics of the cranium and face. Published 2009 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

AB - An international group of clinicians working in the field of dysmorphology has initiated the standardization of terms used to describe human morphology. The goals are to standardize these terms and reach consensus regarding their definitions. In this way, we will increase the utility of descriptions of the human phenotype and facilitate reliable comparisons of findings among patients. Discussions with other workers in dysmorphology and related fields, such as developmental biology and molecular genetics, will become more precise. Here we introduce the anatomy of the craniofacies and define and illustrate the terms that describe the major characteristics of the cranium and face. Published 2009 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

KW - Anatomy

KW - Anthropometry

KW - Chin

KW - Cranium

KW - Definitions

KW - Face

KW - Head

KW - Mandible

KW - Maxilla

KW - Neck

KW - Nomenclature

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=58549108233&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=58549108233&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/ajmg.a.32612

DO - 10.1002/ajmg.a.32612

M3 - Article

C2 - 19125436

AN - SCOPUS:58549108233

VL - 149

SP - 6

EP - 28

JO - American Journal of Medical Genetics, Part A

JF - American Journal of Medical Genetics, Part A

SN - 1552-4825

IS - 1

ER -