Eletrically-Small Rectenna with Huygens Radiation Pattern for Wireless Power Transfer Applications

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

An electrically-small Huygens rectenna is reported that operates at 915 MHz in the ISM band for wireless power transfer (WPT) applications. The rectenna consists of an electrically-small Huygens linearly-polarized (HLP) antenna and a rectifier circuit. The HLP antenna is developed by systematically combining two near-field parasitic resonant (NFPR) elements: an Egyptian axe dipole (EAD) and a capacitively loaded loop (CLL), together, with a small dipole antenna. The designed HLP antenna is electrically-small (ka < 0.89), low profile (0.0420), and produces cardioid-shaped directivity patterns with a very satisfactory peak realized gain value (4.4 dBi), wide half power beamwidth (136°), and high front-to-back ratio (26 dB). A rectifier circuit is designed and integrated with the HLP antenna to realize the rectenna. The rectifier consists of one HSMS286 Schottky diode and three lumped elements. The rectenna achieves a maximum RF to DC conversion efficiency: 86%, and a 2.4 V output DC voltage for a -5.0 dBm input power. Owing to its compact footprint and excellent radiation performance, this electrically-small rectenna is suitable for wirelessly powering sensors and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2018 IEEE Antennas and Propagation Society International Symposium and USNC/URSI National Radio Science Meeting, APSURSI 2018 - Proceedings
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages311-312
Number of pages2
ISBN (Electronic)9781538671023
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 10 2019
Externally publishedYes
Event2018 IEEE Antennas and Propagation Society International Symposium and USNC/URSI National Radio Science Meeting, APSURSI 2018 - Boston, United States
Duration: Jul 8 2018Jul 13 2018

Publication series

Name2018 IEEE Antennas and Propagation Society International Symposium and USNC/URSI National Radio Science Meeting, APSURSI 2018 - Proceedings

Conference

Conference2018 IEEE Antennas and Propagation Society International Symposium and USNC/URSI National Radio Science Meeting, APSURSI 2018
CountryUnited States
CityBoston
Period7/8/187/13/18

Fingerprint

rectifiers
antennas
Antennas
radiation
direct current
pilotless aircraft
dipole antennas
Dipole antennas
Networks (circuits)
directivity
footprints
Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV)
Schottky diodes
Conversion efficiency
near fields
Diodes
dipoles
Radiation
output
sensors

Keywords

  • electrically-small antenna
  • Huygens source
  • near-field parasitic resonant (NFPR) elements
  • rectifier
  • wireless power transfer (WPT)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Instrumentation
  • Radiation

Cite this

Lin, W., & Ziolkowski, R. W. (2019). Eletrically-Small Rectenna with Huygens Radiation Pattern for Wireless Power Transfer Applications. In 2018 IEEE Antennas and Propagation Society International Symposium and USNC/URSI National Radio Science Meeting, APSURSI 2018 - Proceedings (pp. 311-312). [8609194] (2018 IEEE Antennas and Propagation Society International Symposium and USNC/URSI National Radio Science Meeting, APSURSI 2018 - Proceedings). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/APUSNCURSINRSM.2018.8609194

Eletrically-Small Rectenna with Huygens Radiation Pattern for Wireless Power Transfer Applications. / Lin, Wei; Ziolkowski, Richard W.

2018 IEEE Antennas and Propagation Society International Symposium and USNC/URSI National Radio Science Meeting, APSURSI 2018 - Proceedings. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2019. p. 311-312 8609194 (2018 IEEE Antennas and Propagation Society International Symposium and USNC/URSI National Radio Science Meeting, APSURSI 2018 - Proceedings).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Lin, W & Ziolkowski, RW 2019, Eletrically-Small Rectenna with Huygens Radiation Pattern for Wireless Power Transfer Applications. in 2018 IEEE Antennas and Propagation Society International Symposium and USNC/URSI National Radio Science Meeting, APSURSI 2018 - Proceedings., 8609194, 2018 IEEE Antennas and Propagation Society International Symposium and USNC/URSI National Radio Science Meeting, APSURSI 2018 - Proceedings, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., pp. 311-312, 2018 IEEE Antennas and Propagation Society International Symposium and USNC/URSI National Radio Science Meeting, APSURSI 2018, Boston, United States, 7/8/18. https://doi.org/10.1109/APUSNCURSINRSM.2018.8609194
Lin W, Ziolkowski RW. Eletrically-Small Rectenna with Huygens Radiation Pattern for Wireless Power Transfer Applications. In 2018 IEEE Antennas and Propagation Society International Symposium and USNC/URSI National Radio Science Meeting, APSURSI 2018 - Proceedings. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. 2019. p. 311-312. 8609194. (2018 IEEE Antennas and Propagation Society International Symposium and USNC/URSI National Radio Science Meeting, APSURSI 2018 - Proceedings). https://doi.org/10.1109/APUSNCURSINRSM.2018.8609194
Lin, Wei ; Ziolkowski, Richard W. / Eletrically-Small Rectenna with Huygens Radiation Pattern for Wireless Power Transfer Applications. 2018 IEEE Antennas and Propagation Society International Symposium and USNC/URSI National Radio Science Meeting, APSURSI 2018 - Proceedings. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2019. pp. 311-312 (2018 IEEE Antennas and Propagation Society International Symposium and USNC/URSI National Radio Science Meeting, APSURSI 2018 - Proceedings).
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AB - An electrically-small Huygens rectenna is reported that operates at 915 MHz in the ISM band for wireless power transfer (WPT) applications. The rectenna consists of an electrically-small Huygens linearly-polarized (HLP) antenna and a rectifier circuit. The HLP antenna is developed by systematically combining two near-field parasitic resonant (NFPR) elements: an Egyptian axe dipole (EAD) and a capacitively loaded loop (CLL), together, with a small dipole antenna. The designed HLP antenna is electrically-small (ka < 0.89), low profile (0.0420), and produces cardioid-shaped directivity patterns with a very satisfactory peak realized gain value (4.4 dBi), wide half power beamwidth (136°), and high front-to-back ratio (26 dB). A rectifier circuit is designed and integrated with the HLP antenna to realize the rectenna. The rectifier consists of one HSMS286 Schottky diode and three lumped elements. The rectenna achieves a maximum RF to DC conversion efficiency: 86%, and a 2.4 V output DC voltage for a -5.0 dBm input power. Owing to its compact footprint and excellent radiation performance, this electrically-small rectenna is suitable for wirelessly powering sensors and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs).

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