Ellipsometric measurements of poling birefringence, the pockels effect, and the kerr effect in high-performance photorefractive polymer composites

Sandalphon B. Kippelen, K. Meerholz, N. Peyghambarian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

82 Scopus citations

Abstract

Using a simple ellipsometric technique, we measure the total refractive-index modulation as a function of the frequency of the applied electric field in low glass-transition-temperature photorefractive polymer composites. From these measurements we deduce the relative contributions of the poling birefringence and the Pockels and Kerr effects. By applying the oriented gas model we determine the microscopic properties of the nonlinear optical chromophore, including the anisotropic polarizability, and the first and the second hyperpolarizabilities. In the search for new high-performance materials, the technique provides a measure of the linear and the second- and third-order nonlinear optical properties simultaneously.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2346-2354
Number of pages9
JournalApplied optics
Volume35
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - May 10 1996

Keywords

  • Ellipsometry
  • Molecular constants
  • Nonlinear optics
  • Photorefractive polymers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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