Embeds' perceptions of censorship: Can you criticize a soldier then have breakfast with him in the morning?

Thomas J. Johnson, Shahira S Fahmy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations


This study examines a survey of embedded journalists worldwide to explore their opinions about press freedom and the degree to which they believe their reports were censored during the Iraq War. Our findings suggest most journalists took a social responsibility approach to freedom of the press during the war in Iraq, saying the needs of the media and the military need to be balanced. Overall, embeds reported that they experienced little censorship in Iraq and explained that they did not self-censor their stories.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)52-77
Number of pages26
JournalMass Communication and Society
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2009


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Communication

Cite this