Emerging alternatives or traditional news gates: Which news sources were used to picture the 9/11 attack and the Afghan war?

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

42 Scopus citations


This study examines news sources used to visually portray the 11 September 2001 attack and the war in Afghanistan in the English-language newspaper The International Herald Tribune and the Arabic-language newspaper Al-Hayat. Differences were noted between news sources of images depicting the 9/11 attack and the Afghan War. However, despite these differences, the vast majority of photographs were from the main western news agencies: AP, AFP and Reuters. Results overall suggest, while there is no indication of changes in patterns of information flow, western news agencies provide a variety of news to be framed differently by different media. COPYRIGHT

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)381-398
Number of pages18
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2005
Externally publishedYes



  • 9/11 attack
  • Afghan war
  • Framing
  • News sources
  • Transnational media
  • Visual coverage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

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