Emotional disclosure for whom? A study of vagal tone in bereavement

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recent investigations have shown little evidence that written disclosure benefits bereaved individuals over a control condition. The present study hypothesized that the effectiveness of written disclosure for bereavement may be moderated by vagal tone, as indexed by respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA). Vagal tone has been identified as an important individual difference in depression. The present study investigated 35 bereaved participants in a longitudinal design, with participants writing each week for 3 weeks, and then participating in follow-up sessions 1 week and 1 month later. As with previous studies, bereaved participants showed improvement, although no differential improvement was seen in the emotional Disclosure group compared to a Control writing group. As hypothesized, however, those participants with the highest RSA benefited most from the written disclosure, while RSA level did not predict outcome in the control condition. Future research should investigate whether vagal tone moderates the impact of written disclosure for non-bereaved individuals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)135-146
Number of pages12
JournalBiological Psychology
Volume68
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2005

Fingerprint

Bereavement
Disclosure
Individuality
Depression
Control Groups
Respiratory Sinus Arrhythmia

Keywords

  • Bereavement
  • Depression
  • Emotional disclosure
  • Parasympathetic
  • RSA
  • Vagal tone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Behavioral Neuroscience
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

Cite this

Emotional disclosure for whom? A study of vagal tone in bereavement. / O'Connor, Mary-Frances; Allen, John JB; Kaszniak, Alfred W.

In: Biological Psychology, Vol. 68, No. 2, 02.2005, p. 135-146.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{b5ceaeac8e10487384caf30888e29e5b,
title = "Emotional disclosure for whom? A study of vagal tone in bereavement",
abstract = "Recent investigations have shown little evidence that written disclosure benefits bereaved individuals over a control condition. The present study hypothesized that the effectiveness of written disclosure for bereavement may be moderated by vagal tone, as indexed by respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA). Vagal tone has been identified as an important individual difference in depression. The present study investigated 35 bereaved participants in a longitudinal design, with participants writing each week for 3 weeks, and then participating in follow-up sessions 1 week and 1 month later. As with previous studies, bereaved participants showed improvement, although no differential improvement was seen in the emotional Disclosure group compared to a Control writing group. As hypothesized, however, those participants with the highest RSA benefited most from the written disclosure, while RSA level did not predict outcome in the control condition. Future research should investigate whether vagal tone moderates the impact of written disclosure for non-bereaved individuals.",
keywords = "Bereavement, Depression, Emotional disclosure, Parasympathetic, RSA, Vagal tone",
author = "Mary-Frances O'Connor and Allen, {John JB} and Kaszniak, {Alfred W}",
year = "2005",
month = "2",
doi = "10.1016/j.biopsycho.2004.04.003",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "68",
pages = "135--146",
journal = "Biological Psychology",
issn = "0019-493X",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Emotional disclosure for whom? A study of vagal tone in bereavement

AU - O'Connor, Mary-Frances

AU - Allen, John JB

AU - Kaszniak, Alfred W

PY - 2005/2

Y1 - 2005/2

N2 - Recent investigations have shown little evidence that written disclosure benefits bereaved individuals over a control condition. The present study hypothesized that the effectiveness of written disclosure for bereavement may be moderated by vagal tone, as indexed by respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA). Vagal tone has been identified as an important individual difference in depression. The present study investigated 35 bereaved participants in a longitudinal design, with participants writing each week for 3 weeks, and then participating in follow-up sessions 1 week and 1 month later. As with previous studies, bereaved participants showed improvement, although no differential improvement was seen in the emotional Disclosure group compared to a Control writing group. As hypothesized, however, those participants with the highest RSA benefited most from the written disclosure, while RSA level did not predict outcome in the control condition. Future research should investigate whether vagal tone moderates the impact of written disclosure for non-bereaved individuals.

AB - Recent investigations have shown little evidence that written disclosure benefits bereaved individuals over a control condition. The present study hypothesized that the effectiveness of written disclosure for bereavement may be moderated by vagal tone, as indexed by respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA). Vagal tone has been identified as an important individual difference in depression. The present study investigated 35 bereaved participants in a longitudinal design, with participants writing each week for 3 weeks, and then participating in follow-up sessions 1 week and 1 month later. As with previous studies, bereaved participants showed improvement, although no differential improvement was seen in the emotional Disclosure group compared to a Control writing group. As hypothesized, however, those participants with the highest RSA benefited most from the written disclosure, while RSA level did not predict outcome in the control condition. Future research should investigate whether vagal tone moderates the impact of written disclosure for non-bereaved individuals.

KW - Bereavement

KW - Depression

KW - Emotional disclosure

KW - Parasympathetic

KW - RSA

KW - Vagal tone

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=4644233670&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=4644233670&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2004.04.003

DO - 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2004.04.003

M3 - Article

VL - 68

SP - 135

EP - 146

JO - Biological Psychology

JF - Biological Psychology

SN - 0019-493X

IS - 2

ER -