Employee Voluntary and Involuntary Turnover and Organizational Performance: Revisiting the Hypothesis from Classical Public Administration

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9 Scopus citations

Abstract

ABSTRACT: This article examines the effects of voluntary, involuntary, and absolute turnover rates on organizational performance. Adopting human capital and cost-benefit theories, this article posits that voluntary and involuntary turnover would have a linear negative and an inverted U-shaped relationship with organizational performance, respectively, and that an absolute turnover measure can prevent us from revealing the distinct effects of different types of turnover. Using four years of data from Florida school districts, primary findings suggest that involuntary turnover has an inverted U-shaped relationship with organizational performance, first positive and then negative, while the relationship between voluntary turnover and organizational performance remains inconclusive. The findings also suggest that absolute turnover rates can mask the complex and dissimilar impact that various types of turnover have on organizational performance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)444-469
Number of pages26
JournalInternational Public Management Journal
Volume22
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 27 2019
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Public Administration

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