Endemic mycoses: Overlooked causes of community acquired pneumonia

Chadi A. Hage, Kenneth S. Knox, Lawrence J. Wheat

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

49 Scopus citations


The endemic mycoses are important but often overlooked causes for community acquired pneumonia. Delays in recognition, diagnosis and proper treatment often lead to disastrous outcomes. This topic is not usually discussed in reviews and guidelines addressing the subject of community acquired pneumonia. In this review we discuss the three major endemic mycoses in North America that present as community acquired pneumonias; Coccidioidomycosis, Histoplasmosis and Blastomycosis. We discuss their epidemiology, clinical presentations, methods of diagnosis and current treatment strategies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)769-776
Number of pages8
JournalRespiratory Medicine
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2012


  • Blastomycosis
  • Coccidioidomycosis
  • Community acquired pneumonia
  • Endemic mycosis
  • Histoplasmosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine


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