Endogenous lentiviral elements in the weasel family (mustelidae)

Guan Zhu Han, Michael Worobey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Endogenous retroviruses provide molecular fossils for studying the ancient evolutionary history of retroviruses. Here, we report our independent discovery and analysis of endogenous lentiviral insertions (Mustelidae endogenous lentivirus [MELV]) within the genomes of weasel family (Mustelidae). Genome-scale screening identified MELV elements in the domestic ferret (Mustela putorius furo) genome (MELVmpf). MELVmpf exhibits a typical lentiviral genomic organization. Phylogenetic analyses position MELVmpf basal to either primate lentiviruses or feline immunodeficiency virus. Moreover, we verified the presence of MELV insertions in the genomes of several species of the Lutrinae and Mustelinae subfamilies but not the Martinae subfamily, suggesting that the invasion of MELV into the Mustelidae genomes likely took place between 8.8 and 11.8 Ma. The discovery of MELV in weasel genomes extends the host range of lentiviruses to the Caniformia (order Carnivora) and provides important insights into the prehistoric diversity of lentiviruses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2905-2908
Number of pages4
JournalMolecular Biology and Evolution
Volume29
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2012

Fingerprint

Mustelidae
Mustela
Lentivirus
genome
Genome
Retroviridae
Primate Lentiviruses
ferrets
Ferrets
host range
Ancient History
Carnivora
primate
Feline immunodeficiency virus
Feline Immunodeficiency Virus
Endogenous Retroviruses
family
genomics
virus
Host Specificity

Keywords

  • endogenous retrovirus
  • lentivirus
  • weasel

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Molecular Biology
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Cite this

Endogenous lentiviral elements in the weasel family (mustelidae). / Han, Guan Zhu; Worobey, Michael.

In: Molecular Biology and Evolution, Vol. 29, No. 10, 10.2012, p. 2905-2908.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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