Biliary cirrhosis in the rat triggers intrapulmonary vasodilatation and gas exchange abnormalities that characterize the hepatopulmonary syndrome. This vasodilatation correlates with increased levels of pulmonary microcirculatory endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and hepatic and plasma endothelin-1 (ET1). Prehepatic portal hypertension induced by portal vein ligation (PVL) does not cause similar changes, suggesting that ET-1 in cirrhosis may modulate pulmonary eNOS and vascular tone. We assessed whether ET-1 altered eNOS expression and nitric oxide production in bovine pulmonary artery endothelial cells (BPAECs) and if a 2-wk low-level intravenous ET-1 infusion in PVL animals modulated pulmonary eNOS levels, microcirculatory tone, and gas exchange. ET-1 caused a 2.5-fold increase in eNOS protein in BPAECs, inhibitable with an endothelin B receptor antagonist, and an increase in eNOS mRNA and nitrite production. ET-1 infusion in PVL animals caused increased pulmonary eNOS levels, intrapulmonary vasodilatation, and gas exchange abnormalities without increasing pulmonary arterial pressure. ET-1 produced during hepatic injury may contribute to the hepatopulmonary syndrome by modulating eNOS and inducing pulmonary microcicrulatory vasodilatation.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology|
|Issue number||5 40-5|
|State||Published - Nov 1999|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physiology (medical)