Background. The piggyback technique of orthotopic liver transplantation is an attractive alternative that preserves the recipient inferior vena cava and allows uninterrupted venous blood return during the anhepatic phase. As with other transplantation techniques, the vascular anastomoses required by the piggyback technique can develop strictures. Methods. Review of records of 264 piggyback transplantations revealed two cases of delayed-onset hepatic venous obstruction from anastomotic strictures. Both patients also had symptoms of inferior vena cava obstruction, with azotemia and lower extremity edema. Both patients were treated percutaneously with balloon-expandable stents. Results. Rapid, dramatic resolution of symptoms was achieved in both patients. Patients remain completely asymptomatic at 39 and 3 months of follow-up. Conclusions. Hepatic venous anastomotic strictures in recipients of piggyback technique transplants are a very uncommon complication. They may be easily and effectively treated by minimally invasive endovascular intervention.
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