Energetic Particle Observations from the Parker Solar Probe Using Combined Energy Spectra from the ISo˙IS Instrument Suite

C. J. Joyce, D. J. McComas, E. R. Christian, N. A. Schwadron, M. E. Wiedenbeck, R. L. McNutt, C. M.S. Cohen, R. A. Leske, R. A. Mewaldt, E. C. Stone, A. W. Labrador, A. J. Davis, A. C. Cummings, D. G. Mitchell, M. E. Hill, E. C. Roelof, J. R. Szalay, J. S. Rankin, M. I. Desai, J. GiacaloneW. H. Matthaeus

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5 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Integrated Science Investigations of the Sun (ISo˙IS) instrument suite includes two Energetic Particle instruments: EPI-Hi, designed to measure ions from ∼1 to 200 MeV nuc-1, and EPI-Lo, designed to measure ions from ∼20 to ∼15 MeV nuc-1. We present an analysis of eight energetic proton events observed across the energy range of both instruments during Parker Solar Probe's (PSP) first two orbits in order to examine their combined energy spectra. Background corrections are applied to help resolve spectral breaks between the two instruments and are shown to be effective. In doing so we demonstrate that even in the early stages of calibration, ISo˙IS is capable of producing reliable spectral observations across broad energy ranges. In addition to making groundbreaking measurements very near the Sun, ISo˙IS also characterizes energetic particle populations over a range of heliocentric distances inside 1 au. During the first two orbits, ISo˙IS observed energetic particle events from a single corotating interaction region (CIR) at three different distances from the Sun. The events are separated by two Carrington rotations and just 0.11 au in distance; however, the relationship shown between proton intensities and proximity of the spacecraft to the source region shows evidence of the importance of transport effects on observations of energetic particles from CIRs. Future ISo˙IS observations of similar events over larger distances will help disentangle the effects of CIR-related acceleration and transport. We apply similar spectral analyses to the remaining five events, including four that are likely related to stream interaction regions (SIRs) and one solar energetic particle (SEP) event.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number41
JournalAstrophysical Journal, Supplement Series
Volume246
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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    Joyce, C. J., McComas, D. J., Christian, E. R., Schwadron, N. A., Wiedenbeck, M. E., McNutt, R. L., Cohen, C. M. S., Leske, R. A., Mewaldt, R. A., Stone, E. C., Labrador, A. W., Davis, A. J., Cummings, A. C., Mitchell, D. G., Hill, M. E., Roelof, E. C., Szalay, J. R., Rankin, J. S., Desai, M. I., ... Matthaeus, W. H. (2020). Energetic Particle Observations from the Parker Solar Probe Using Combined Energy Spectra from the ISo˙IS Instrument Suite. Astrophysical Journal, Supplement Series, 246(2), [41]. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4365/ab5948