### Abstract

Rendezvous and Close-Proximity Operations (RCPOs) are critical maneuvers that are implemented to execute guided relative motion between spacecraft. RCPOs generally refer to the set of maneuvers needed by a chaser to reach the target spacecraft either for docking or to accomplish the mission objectives (e.g. flying around for inspection and servicing). RCPOs require the spacecraft to execute on-board planning. As such, the spacecraft needs to generate in real-time trajectories that are both safe and optimal without the need for ground intervention. Planning and executing such set of maneuvers in an optimal fashion requires the formulation and solution of an optimal control problem. The latter requires setting up a cost function (i.e. the objective of the optimization) and the desired control and state constraints. In this paper, we apply a newly developed method to solve boundary value problems for differential equations to solve the energy-optimal problem for planning and guidance in relative motion. The method relies on the least-squares solution of differential equations via orthogonal polynomial expansion and constrained expression as derived via Theory of Functional Connections (TFC). The application of the optimal control theory to derive the first order necessary conditions for optimality, yields a Two-Point Boundary Value Problem (TPBVP) that must be solved to find state and costate. Combining orthogonal polynomial expansion and TFC, we solve the TPBVP for optimal rendezvous of a spacecraft chasing a target. We demonstrate that the approach yields fast and accurate solution with the potential to implement the algorithm for real-time, closed-loop guidance in relative motion.

Original language | English (US) |
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Article number | IAC-19_C1_8_10_x51169 |

Journal | Proceedings of the International Astronautical Congress, IAC |

Volume | 2019-October |

State | Published - Jan 1 2019 |

Event | 70th International Astronautical Congress, IAC 2019 - Washington, United States Duration: Oct 21 2019 → Oct 25 2019 |

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### ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Aerospace Engineering
- Astronomy and Astrophysics
- Space and Planetary Science

### Cite this

*Proceedings of the International Astronautical Congress, IAC*,

*2019-October*, [IAC-19_C1_8_10_x51169].