Engineered nonlinear materials using gold nanoantenna array

Vladimir P. Drachev, Alexander V. Kildishev, Joshua D. Borneman, Kuo Ping Chen, Vladimir M. Shalaev, Konstantin Yamnitskiy, Robert A Norwood, Nasser N Peyghambarian, Seth R. Marder, Lazaro A. Padilha, Scott Webster, Trenton R. Ensley, David J. Hagan, Eric W. Van Stryland

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Abstract

Gold dipole nanoantennas embedded in an organic molecular film provide strong local electromagnetic fields to enhance both the nonlinear refractive index (n 2) and two-photon absorption (2PA) of the molecules. An enhancement of 53× for 2PA and 140× for nonlinear refraction is observed for BDPAS (4,4′-bis(diphenylamino)stilbene) at 600 nm with only 3.7% of gold volume fraction. The complex value of the third-order susceptibility enhancement results in a sign change of n 2 for the effective composite material relative to the pure BDPAS film. This complex nature of the enhancement and the tunability of the nanoantenna resonance allow for engineering the effective nonlinear response of the composite film.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number780
JournalScientific Reports
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2018

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Drachev, V. P., Kildishev, A. V., Borneman, J. D., Chen, K. P., Shalaev, V. M., Yamnitskiy, K., ... Van Stryland, E. W. (2018). Engineered nonlinear materials using gold nanoantenna array. Scientific Reports, 8(1), [780]. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-19066-3