Enhanced light-matter interaction in semiconductor heterostructures embedded in one-dimensional photonic crystals

Bernhard Pasenow, Matthias Reichelt, Tineke Stroucken, Torsten Meier, Stephan W Koch, Aramis R. Zakharian, Jerome V Moloney

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The optical properties of semiconductor quantum wells embedded in one-dimensional photonic crystal structures are analyzed by a self-consistent solution of Maxwell's equations and a microscopic many-body theory of the material excitations. For a field mode spectrally below the photonic band edge it is shown that the optical absorption and gain are enhanced, exceeding by more than 1 order of magnitude the values of a homogeneous medium. For the photonic crystal structure inside a microcavity the gain increases superlinearly with the number of wells and for more than five wells exceeds the gain of a corresponding vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2039-2048
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the Optical Society of America B: Optical Physics
Volume22
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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