Cell culture experiments have been used to examine the effects of serotonin [5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)] on the morphological development of antennal lobe (AL) neurons in the brain of the sphinx moth, Manduca sexta. The majority of cells used in this study were from animals at stage 5 of the 18 stages of metamorphic adult development. 5-HT did not affect the survival of M. sexta AL neurons in culture, but did increase the numbers of cells displaying features characteristic of certain cell types. Three morphologically distinct cell types were examined in detail. The principal effect of 5-HT on these neurons was enhancement of cell growth. The magnitude of responses to this amine was cell-type specific. Site-specific responses to 5-HT were apparent also in one cell type. Our results suggest that the effects of 5-HT can change during the course of metamorphic development. These changes coincide temporally with the development of fast, sodium-based action potentials.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||16|
|Journal||Journal of Neurobiology|
|State||Published - Jan 1996|
- olfactory lobe
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience