1,2-Dichlorovinylcysteine (DCVC) is known to cause enlarged nuclei in renal proximal tubule epithelium. This study further characterized the cellular changes induced by DCVC. Also a preliminary investigation of the initiator and promoter potential of DCVC was conducted. When given for 4 weeks in drinking water to S-wiss-Webster mice, DCVC (50 or 100 μg/ml) caused a progressive change in renal epithelia which was persistent at 23 weeks. Enlarged nuclei with uneven chromatin dispersal, multiple nucleoli, and irregular nuclear membranes resided in enlarged, abnormally-shaped cells. These changes were resolved by week 50. Mice initiated with dimethylnitrosamine developed renal tumors by week 27. Mice fed DCVC (10 or 50,μg/ml) for 14 weeks following dimethylnitrosamine initiation, had a slightly higher tumor incidence, a higher incidence of invasive tumors, and had multiple renal tumors unlike animals given dimethylnitrosamine alone.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
- Chemical Health and Safety