Enteropathogenic E. coli non-LEE encoded effectors NleH1 and NleH2 attenuate NF-κB activation

Sandhya V. Royan, Rheinallt M. Jones, Athanasia Koutsouris, Jennifer L. Roxas, Kanakeshwari Falzari, Andrew W. Weflen, Amy Kim, Amy Bellmeyer, Jerrold R. Turner, Andrew S. Neish, Ki Jong Rhee, Virinchipuram Viswanathan, Gail A. Hecht

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Abstract

Summary: Enteric bacterial pathogens have evolved sophisticated strategies to evade host immune defences. Some pathogens deliver anti-inflammatory effector molecules into the host cell cytoplasm via a type III secretion system (T3SS). Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) inhibits inflammation by an undefined, T3SS-dependent mechanism. Two proteins encoded outside of the EPEC locus of enterocyte effacement (LEE) pathogenicity island, non-LEE-encoded effector H1 (NleH1) and H2 (NleH2), display sequence similarity to Shigella flexneri OspG, which inhibits activation of the pro-inflammatory transcription factor NF-κB. We hypothesized that the anti-inflammatory effects of EPEC were mediated by NleH1 and NleH2. In this study, we examined the effect of NleH1/H2 on the NF-κB pathway. We show that NleH1/H2 are secreted via the T3SS and that transfection of cells with plasmids harbouring nleH1 or nleH2 decreased IKK-β-induced NF-κB activity and attenuated TNF-α-induced degradation of phospho-IκBα by preventing ubiquitination. Serum KC levels were higher in mice infected with δnleH1H2 than those infected with WT EPEC, indicating that NleH1/H2 dampen pro-inflammatory cytokine expression. δnleH1H2 was cleared more rapidly than WT EPEC while complementation of δnleH1H2 with either NleH1 or NleH2 prolonged colonization. Together, these data show that NleH1 and NleH2 function to dampen host inflammation and facilitate EPEC colonization during pathogenesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1232-1245
Number of pages14
JournalMolecular Microbiology
Volume78
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2010

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Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli
Enterocytes
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Inflammation
Shigella flexneri
Genomic Islands
Ubiquitination
Transfection
Cytoplasm
Plasmids
Transcription Factors
Cytokines
Serum
Proteins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Microbiology

Cite this

Royan, S. V., Jones, R. M., Koutsouris, A., Roxas, J. L., Falzari, K., Weflen, A. W., ... Hecht, G. A. (2010). Enteropathogenic E. coli non-LEE encoded effectors NleH1 and NleH2 attenuate NF-κB activation. Molecular Microbiology, 78(5), 1232-1245. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2958.2010.07400.x

Enteropathogenic E. coli non-LEE encoded effectors NleH1 and NleH2 attenuate NF-κB activation. / Royan, Sandhya V.; Jones, Rheinallt M.; Koutsouris, Athanasia; Roxas, Jennifer L.; Falzari, Kanakeshwari; Weflen, Andrew W.; Kim, Amy; Bellmeyer, Amy; Turner, Jerrold R.; Neish, Andrew S.; Rhee, Ki Jong; Viswanathan, Virinchipuram; Hecht, Gail A.

In: Molecular Microbiology, Vol. 78, No. 5, 12.2010, p. 1232-1245.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Royan, SV, Jones, RM, Koutsouris, A, Roxas, JL, Falzari, K, Weflen, AW, Kim, A, Bellmeyer, A, Turner, JR, Neish, AS, Rhee, KJ, Viswanathan, V & Hecht, GA 2010, 'Enteropathogenic E. coli non-LEE encoded effectors NleH1 and NleH2 attenuate NF-κB activation', Molecular Microbiology, vol. 78, no. 5, pp. 1232-1245. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2958.2010.07400.x
Royan, Sandhya V. ; Jones, Rheinallt M. ; Koutsouris, Athanasia ; Roxas, Jennifer L. ; Falzari, Kanakeshwari ; Weflen, Andrew W. ; Kim, Amy ; Bellmeyer, Amy ; Turner, Jerrold R. ; Neish, Andrew S. ; Rhee, Ki Jong ; Viswanathan, Virinchipuram ; Hecht, Gail A. / Enteropathogenic E. coli non-LEE encoded effectors NleH1 and NleH2 attenuate NF-κB activation. In: Molecular Microbiology. 2010 ; Vol. 78, No. 5. pp. 1232-1245.
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AU - Roxas, Jennifer L.

AU - Falzari, Kanakeshwari

AU - Weflen, Andrew W.

AU - Kim, Amy

AU - Bellmeyer, Amy

AU - Turner, Jerrold R.

AU - Neish, Andrew S.

AU - Rhee, Ki Jong

AU - Viswanathan, Virinchipuram

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