Environmental drivers in mangrove establishment and early development: A review

Ken W. Krauss, Catherine E. Lovelock, Karen L. McKee, Laura López-Hoffman, Sharon M L Ewe, Wayne P. Sousa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

337 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Mangroves have a global distribution within coastal tropical and subtropical climates, and have even expanded to some temperate locales. Where they do occur, mangroves provide a plethora of goods and services, ranging from coastal protection from storms and erosion to direct income for human societies. The mangrove literature has become rather voluminous, prompting many subdisciplines within a field that earlier in the 20th century received little focus. Much of this research has become diffuse by sheer numbers, requiring detailed syntheses to make research results widely available to resource managers. In this review, we take an inclusive approach in focusing on eco-physiological and growth constraints to the establishment and early development of mangrove seedlings in the intertidal zone. This is a critical life stage for mangroves, i.e., the period between dispersal and recruitment to the sapling stage. We begin with some of the research that has set the precedent for seedling-level eco-physiological research in mangroves, and then we focus on recent advances (circa. 1995 to present) in our understanding of temperature, carbon dioxide, salinity, light, nutrient, flooding, and specific biotic influences on seedling survival and growth. As such, we take a new approach in describing seedling response to global factors (e.g., temperature) along with site-specific factors (e.g., salinity). All variables will strongly influence the future of seedling dynamics in ways perhaps not yet documented in mature forests. Furthermore, understanding how different mangrove species can respond to global factors and regional influences is useful for diagnosing observed mortality within mangrove wetlands, managed or natural. This review provides an updated eco-physiological knowledge base for future research and reforestation activity, and for understanding important links among climate change, local physico-chemical condition, and establishment and early growth of mangrove seedlings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)105-127
Number of pages23
JournalAquatic Botany
Volume89
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2008

Fingerprint

mangrove
early development
seedlings
seedling
salinity
littoral zone
reforestation
saplings
subtropics
tropics
temperature
managers
income
coastal protection
wetlands
carbon dioxide
climate change
sapling
intertidal environment
synthesis

Keywords

  • Biotic effect
  • CO
  • Ecophysiology
  • Flooding
  • Global climate change
  • Growth
  • Light
  • Nutrient
  • Salinity
  • Sea-level rise
  • Temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aquatic Science
  • Plant Science

Cite this

Environmental drivers in mangrove establishment and early development : A review. / Krauss, Ken W.; Lovelock, Catherine E.; McKee, Karen L.; López-Hoffman, Laura; Ewe, Sharon M L; Sousa, Wayne P.

In: Aquatic Botany, Vol. 89, No. 2, 08.2008, p. 105-127.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Krauss, Ken W. ; Lovelock, Catherine E. ; McKee, Karen L. ; López-Hoffman, Laura ; Ewe, Sharon M L ; Sousa, Wayne P. / Environmental drivers in mangrove establishment and early development : A review. In: Aquatic Botany. 2008 ; Vol. 89, No. 2. pp. 105-127.
@article{13b7daf0db224676a8859c137fc452ea,
title = "Environmental drivers in mangrove establishment and early development: A review",
abstract = "Mangroves have a global distribution within coastal tropical and subtropical climates, and have even expanded to some temperate locales. Where they do occur, mangroves provide a plethora of goods and services, ranging from coastal protection from storms and erosion to direct income for human societies. The mangrove literature has become rather voluminous, prompting many subdisciplines within a field that earlier in the 20th century received little focus. Much of this research has become diffuse by sheer numbers, requiring detailed syntheses to make research results widely available to resource managers. In this review, we take an inclusive approach in focusing on eco-physiological and growth constraints to the establishment and early development of mangrove seedlings in the intertidal zone. This is a critical life stage for mangroves, i.e., the period between dispersal and recruitment to the sapling stage. We begin with some of the research that has set the precedent for seedling-level eco-physiological research in mangroves, and then we focus on recent advances (circa. 1995 to present) in our understanding of temperature, carbon dioxide, salinity, light, nutrient, flooding, and specific biotic influences on seedling survival and growth. As such, we take a new approach in describing seedling response to global factors (e.g., temperature) along with site-specific factors (e.g., salinity). All variables will strongly influence the future of seedling dynamics in ways perhaps not yet documented in mature forests. Furthermore, understanding how different mangrove species can respond to global factors and regional influences is useful for diagnosing observed mortality within mangrove wetlands, managed or natural. This review provides an updated eco-physiological knowledge base for future research and reforestation activity, and for understanding important links among climate change, local physico-chemical condition, and establishment and early growth of mangrove seedlings.",
keywords = "Biotic effect, CO, Ecophysiology, Flooding, Global climate change, Growth, Light, Nutrient, Salinity, Sea-level rise, Temperature",
author = "Krauss, {Ken W.} and Lovelock, {Catherine E.} and McKee, {Karen L.} and Laura L{\'o}pez-Hoffman and Ewe, {Sharon M L} and Sousa, {Wayne P.}",
year = "2008",
month = "8",
doi = "10.1016/j.aquabot.2007.12.014",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "89",
pages = "105--127",
journal = "Aquatic Botany",
issn = "0304-3770",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Environmental drivers in mangrove establishment and early development

T2 - A review

AU - Krauss, Ken W.

AU - Lovelock, Catherine E.

AU - McKee, Karen L.

AU - López-Hoffman, Laura

AU - Ewe, Sharon M L

AU - Sousa, Wayne P.

PY - 2008/8

Y1 - 2008/8

N2 - Mangroves have a global distribution within coastal tropical and subtropical climates, and have even expanded to some temperate locales. Where they do occur, mangroves provide a plethora of goods and services, ranging from coastal protection from storms and erosion to direct income for human societies. The mangrove literature has become rather voluminous, prompting many subdisciplines within a field that earlier in the 20th century received little focus. Much of this research has become diffuse by sheer numbers, requiring detailed syntheses to make research results widely available to resource managers. In this review, we take an inclusive approach in focusing on eco-physiological and growth constraints to the establishment and early development of mangrove seedlings in the intertidal zone. This is a critical life stage for mangroves, i.e., the period between dispersal and recruitment to the sapling stage. We begin with some of the research that has set the precedent for seedling-level eco-physiological research in mangroves, and then we focus on recent advances (circa. 1995 to present) in our understanding of temperature, carbon dioxide, salinity, light, nutrient, flooding, and specific biotic influences on seedling survival and growth. As such, we take a new approach in describing seedling response to global factors (e.g., temperature) along with site-specific factors (e.g., salinity). All variables will strongly influence the future of seedling dynamics in ways perhaps not yet documented in mature forests. Furthermore, understanding how different mangrove species can respond to global factors and regional influences is useful for diagnosing observed mortality within mangrove wetlands, managed or natural. This review provides an updated eco-physiological knowledge base for future research and reforestation activity, and for understanding important links among climate change, local physico-chemical condition, and establishment and early growth of mangrove seedlings.

AB - Mangroves have a global distribution within coastal tropical and subtropical climates, and have even expanded to some temperate locales. Where they do occur, mangroves provide a plethora of goods and services, ranging from coastal protection from storms and erosion to direct income for human societies. The mangrove literature has become rather voluminous, prompting many subdisciplines within a field that earlier in the 20th century received little focus. Much of this research has become diffuse by sheer numbers, requiring detailed syntheses to make research results widely available to resource managers. In this review, we take an inclusive approach in focusing on eco-physiological and growth constraints to the establishment and early development of mangrove seedlings in the intertidal zone. This is a critical life stage for mangroves, i.e., the period between dispersal and recruitment to the sapling stage. We begin with some of the research that has set the precedent for seedling-level eco-physiological research in mangroves, and then we focus on recent advances (circa. 1995 to present) in our understanding of temperature, carbon dioxide, salinity, light, nutrient, flooding, and specific biotic influences on seedling survival and growth. As such, we take a new approach in describing seedling response to global factors (e.g., temperature) along with site-specific factors (e.g., salinity). All variables will strongly influence the future of seedling dynamics in ways perhaps not yet documented in mature forests. Furthermore, understanding how different mangrove species can respond to global factors and regional influences is useful for diagnosing observed mortality within mangrove wetlands, managed or natural. This review provides an updated eco-physiological knowledge base for future research and reforestation activity, and for understanding important links among climate change, local physico-chemical condition, and establishment and early growth of mangrove seedlings.

KW - Biotic effect

KW - CO

KW - Ecophysiology

KW - Flooding

KW - Global climate change

KW - Growth

KW - Light

KW - Nutrient

KW - Salinity

KW - Sea-level rise

KW - Temperature

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=46549087220&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=46549087220&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.aquabot.2007.12.014

DO - 10.1016/j.aquabot.2007.12.014

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:46549087220

VL - 89

SP - 105

EP - 127

JO - Aquatic Botany

JF - Aquatic Botany

SN - 0304-3770

IS - 2

ER -