Environmental effects on the mechanical properties of E-glass FRP rebars

Fares E. Tannous, Hamid Saadatmanesh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

50 Scopus citations

Abstract

Due to their unique properties, fiber reinforced plastics (FRPs) are becoming increasingly popular among researchers and engineers in the construction industry. FRP rebars in particular present an attractive alternative to steel rebars in reinforced concrete. Among the features of this type of rebar are the high strength-to-weight ratio and potential resistance to aggressive environmental factors. This paper presents the results of an experimental and analytical study on the durability of E-glass FRP rebars. A total of 160 rebar samples were placed in corrosive chemical solutions that simulated exposure in the field. Tests were performed at temperatures of 25 C and 60 C. Test variables included one type of fiber (E-glass), two matrix materials (polyester and vinylester), seven chemical solutions, and ultraviolet radiation. Rebar specimens were constructed from E-glass fibers embedded in polyester or vinylester resin matrix. Rebar sizes were 10 mm (3/8 in.) and 19.5 mm (3/4 in.) in diameter. Changes in weight and physical appearance were recorded over a one-year period. In addition, ten beams each reinforced with two 10-mm (3/8-in.) E-glass/polyester or E-glass/vinylester FRP rebars were subjected to deicing salt solutions. They were tested in flexure to failure after one-year and two-year periods, and the load versus mid-span deflection relationships were recorded. Test results of rebars and beams indicate that significant loss of strength can result from the exposure of E-glass FRP rebars.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)87-100
Number of pages14
JournalACI Materials Journal
Volume95
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 1 1998

Keywords

  • Accelerated testing
  • Chemical resistance
  • Diffusivity
  • Durability
  • Glass fiber reinforced plastic (GFRP)
  • Matrix
  • Moisture content
  • Rebar
  • Strain
  • Stress
  • Tensile strength

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science(all)

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