Epidemiologic differences between cyclosporiasis and cryptosporidiosis in peruvian children

Caryn Bern, Ynes Ortega, William Checkley, Jacquelin M. Roberts, Andres G. Lescano, Lilia Cabrera, Manuela Verastegui, Robert E. Black, Charles R Sterling, Robert H. Gilman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

We compared the epidemiologic characteristics of cyclosporiasis and cryptosporidiosis in data from a cohort study of diarrhea in a periurban community near Lima, Peru. Children had an average of 0.20 episodes of cyclosporiasis/year and 0.22 episodes of cryptosporidiosis/year of follow-up. The incidence of cryptosporidiosis peaked at 0.42 for 1-year-old children and declined to 0.06 episodes/child-year for 5- to 9-year-old children. In contrast, the incidence of cyclosporiasis was fairly constant among 1- to 9-year-old children (0.21 to 0.28 episodes/child-year). Likelihood of diarrhea decreased significantly with each episode of cyclosporiasis; for cryptosporidiosis, this trend was not statistically significant. Both infections were more frequent during the warm season (December to May) than the cooler season (June to November). Cryptosporidiosis was more frequent in children from houses without a latrine or toilet. Cyclosporiasis was associated with ownership of domestic animals, especially birds, guinea pigs, and rabbits.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)581-585
Number of pages5
JournalEmerging Infectious Diseases
Volume8
Issue number6
StatePublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes

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Cyclosporiasis
Cryptosporidiosis
Diarrhea
Toilet Facilities
Peru
Ownership
Incidence
Domestic Animals
Birds
Guinea Pigs
Cohort Studies
Rabbits

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)

Cite this

Bern, C., Ortega, Y., Checkley, W., Roberts, J. M., Lescano, A. G., Cabrera, L., ... Gilman, R. H. (2002). Epidemiologic differences between cyclosporiasis and cryptosporidiosis in peruvian children. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 8(6), 581-585.

Epidemiologic differences between cyclosporiasis and cryptosporidiosis in peruvian children. / Bern, Caryn; Ortega, Ynes; Checkley, William; Roberts, Jacquelin M.; Lescano, Andres G.; Cabrera, Lilia; Verastegui, Manuela; Black, Robert E.; Sterling, Charles R; Gilman, Robert H.

In: Emerging Infectious Diseases, Vol. 8, No. 6, 2002, p. 581-585.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bern, C, Ortega, Y, Checkley, W, Roberts, JM, Lescano, AG, Cabrera, L, Verastegui, M, Black, RE, Sterling, CR & Gilman, RH 2002, 'Epidemiologic differences between cyclosporiasis and cryptosporidiosis in peruvian children', Emerging Infectious Diseases, vol. 8, no. 6, pp. 581-585.
Bern C, Ortega Y, Checkley W, Roberts JM, Lescano AG, Cabrera L et al. Epidemiologic differences between cyclosporiasis and cryptosporidiosis in peruvian children. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2002;8(6):581-585.
Bern, Caryn ; Ortega, Ynes ; Checkley, William ; Roberts, Jacquelin M. ; Lescano, Andres G. ; Cabrera, Lilia ; Verastegui, Manuela ; Black, Robert E. ; Sterling, Charles R ; Gilman, Robert H. / Epidemiologic differences between cyclosporiasis and cryptosporidiosis in peruvian children. In: Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2002 ; Vol. 8, No. 6. pp. 581-585.
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