Epidemiologic differences between cyclosporiasis and cryptosporidiosis in peruvian children

Caryn Bern, Ynes Ortega, William Checkley, Jacquelin M. Roberts, Andres G. Lescano, Lilia Cabrera, Manuela Verastegui, Robert E. Black, Charles Sterling, Robert H. Gilman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

78 Scopus citations

Abstract

We compared the epidemiologic characteristics of cyclosporiasis and cryptosporidiosis in data from a cohort study of diarrhea in a periurban community near Lima, Peru. Children had an average of 0.20 episodes of cyclosporiasis/year and 0.22 episodes of cryptosporidiosis/year of follow-up. The incidence of cryptosporidiosis peaked at 0.42 for 1-year-old children and declined to 0.06 episodes/child-year for 5- to 9-year-old children. In contrast, the incidence of cyclosporiasis was fairly constant among 1- to 9-year-old children (0.21 to 0.28 episodes/child-year). Likelihood of diarrhea decreased significantly with each episode of cyclosporiasis; for cryptosporidiosis, this trend was not statistically significant. Both infections were more frequent during the warm season (December to May) than the cooler season (June to November). Cryptosporidiosis was more frequent in children from houses without a latrine or toilet. Cyclosporiasis was associated with ownership of domestic animals, especially birds, guinea pigs, and rabbits.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)581-585
Number of pages5
JournalEmerging infectious diseases
Volume8
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2002

    Fingerprint

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

Bern, C., Ortega, Y., Checkley, W., Roberts, J. M., Lescano, A. G., Cabrera, L., Verastegui, M., Black, R. E., Sterling, C., & Gilman, R. H. (2002). Epidemiologic differences between cyclosporiasis and cryptosporidiosis in peruvian children. Emerging infectious diseases, 8(6), 581-585. https://doi.org/10.3201/eid0806.01-0331