Epidemiology of organophosphate pesticide poisoning in Taiwan

Tzeng Jih Lin, Frank G Walter, Dong Zong Hung, Jin Lian Tsai, Sheng Chuan Hu, Jung San Chang, Jou Fang Deng, Peter Burritt Chase, Kurt R Denninghoff, Hon Man Chan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction. The nationwide epidemiology of organophosphate pesticide (OP) poisoning has never been reported in detail for Taiwan. Methods. This study retrospectively reviewed all human OP exposures reported to Taiwan's Poison Control Centers (PCCs) from July 1985 through December 2006. Results. There were 4799 OP exposures. Most OP exposures were acute (98.37%) ingestions (74.50%) of a single OP (80.37%) to attempt suicide (64.72%) in adults (93.25%). Males were the most common gender (64.95%). Most patients (61.97%) received atropine and/or pralidoxime. The mortality rate for all 4799 OP exposures was 12.71%. Exposures to single OPs without co-intoxicants caused 524 deaths; of these, 63.36% were due to dimethyl OPs. Conclusion. Dimethyl OPs cause the majority of deaths in Taiwan.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)794-801
Number of pages8
JournalClinical Toxicology
Volume46
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2008

Fingerprint

Organophosphate Poisoning
Epidemiology
Organophosphates
Taiwan
Pesticides
Poison Control Centers
Poisons
Atropine
Suicide
Cause of Death
Eating
Mortality

Keywords

  • Epidemiology
  • Organophosphate
  • Poison Control Centers
  • Poisoning
  • Taiwan

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology

Cite this

Lin, T. J., Walter, F. G., Hung, D. Z., Tsai, J. L., Hu, S. C., Chang, J. S., ... Chan, H. M. (2008). Epidemiology of organophosphate pesticide poisoning in Taiwan. Clinical Toxicology, 46(9), 794-801. https://doi.org/10.1080/15563650801986695

Epidemiology of organophosphate pesticide poisoning in Taiwan. / Lin, Tzeng Jih; Walter, Frank G; Hung, Dong Zong; Tsai, Jin Lian; Hu, Sheng Chuan; Chang, Jung San; Deng, Jou Fang; Chase, Peter Burritt; Denninghoff, Kurt R; Chan, Hon Man.

In: Clinical Toxicology, Vol. 46, No. 9, 11.2008, p. 794-801.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lin, TJ, Walter, FG, Hung, DZ, Tsai, JL, Hu, SC, Chang, JS, Deng, JF, Chase, PB, Denninghoff, KR & Chan, HM 2008, 'Epidemiology of organophosphate pesticide poisoning in Taiwan', Clinical Toxicology, vol. 46, no. 9, pp. 794-801. https://doi.org/10.1080/15563650801986695
Lin, Tzeng Jih ; Walter, Frank G ; Hung, Dong Zong ; Tsai, Jin Lian ; Hu, Sheng Chuan ; Chang, Jung San ; Deng, Jou Fang ; Chase, Peter Burritt ; Denninghoff, Kurt R ; Chan, Hon Man. / Epidemiology of organophosphate pesticide poisoning in Taiwan. In: Clinical Toxicology. 2008 ; Vol. 46, No. 9. pp. 794-801.
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