Epidermal growth factor (EGF) injected into pregnant mice increased the frequency of cleft palate (CP) in cortisone‐treated mouse fetuses. EGF alone produced proliferation and thickening of the epithelium of the palatal processes, but CP was not significantly increased over saline injected controls. Cortisone alone produced thinning of the palatal epithelium and caused CP in 61 percent of formed fetuses. The combination of EGF and cortisone treatment induced CP in 100 percent of formed fetuses; epithelial thickening still occurred with the combination treatment. Thus, EGF may be teratogenic under special circumstances. These observations suggest that the relative thickness of the palatal shelf epithelium may not be a critical factor in the fusion of the palatal shelves.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Developmental Biology
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis