Equatorial and midlatitude distribution of chlorine measured by Mars Odyssey GRS

John M. Keller, William V. Boynton, S. Karunatillake, Victor Baker, J. M. Dohm, Larry G. Evans, M. J. Finch, B. C. Hahn, Dave K. Hamara, Daniel M. Janes, Kristopher E. Kerry, H. E. Newsom, Robert C. Reedy, Ann L. Sprague, Steve W. Squyres, Richard D. Starr, G. Jeffrey Taylor, R. M S Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The 2001 Mars Odyssey Gamma Ray Spectrometer (GRS) has made the first measurement of the equatorial and midlatitude distribution of C1 at the near-surface of Mars. A mean concentration value of 0.49 wt% C1 has been determined from a grand sum of GRS spectra collected over the planet excluding high-latitude regions. C1 is significantly enriched within the upper few tens of centimeters of the surface relative to the Martian meteorites and estimates for the bulk composition of the planet. However, C1 is not homogeneously distributed and varies by a factor of ∼4 even after smoothing of data with a 10°-arc-radius filter. Several contiguous, geographically large (>20°) regions of high and low C1 concentrations are present. In particular, a region centered over the Medusae Fossae Formation west of Tharsis shows significantly elevated C1. A large region north of Syrtis Major extending into Utopia Planitia in the northern hemisphere shows the lowest C1 concentrations. On the basis of hierarchical multivariate correlations, C1 is positively associated with H while negatively associated with Si and thermal inertia. We discuss four possible geologic mechanisms (aeolian, volcanic, aqueous, and hydrothermal) that may have affected the C1 distribution seen by GRS. While some of the distribution may be due to C1-rich dust deposits transported by aeolian processes, this mechanism does not appear to account for all of the observed variability. We propose that reactions with volcanic exhalations may have been important for enriching C1 in Medusae Fossae Formation material.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberE03S08
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics
Volume112
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 20 2007

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Gamma ray spectrometers
gamma ray spectrometers
temperate regions
Chlorine
mars
chlorine
Mars
spectrometer
Planets
planets
low concentrations
2001 Mars Odyssey
volcanology
SNC meteorites
Meteorites
exhalation
planet
Northern Hemisphere
Martian meteorite
smoothing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

Cite this

Equatorial and midlatitude distribution of chlorine measured by Mars Odyssey GRS. / Keller, John M.; Boynton, William V.; Karunatillake, S.; Baker, Victor; Dohm, J. M.; Evans, Larry G.; Finch, M. J.; Hahn, B. C.; Hamara, Dave K.; Janes, Daniel M.; Kerry, Kristopher E.; Newsom, H. E.; Reedy, Robert C.; Sprague, Ann L.; Squyres, Steve W.; Starr, Richard D.; Taylor, G. Jeffrey; Williams, R. M S.

In: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 112, No. 3, E03S08, 20.03.2007.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Keller, JM, Boynton, WV, Karunatillake, S, Baker, V, Dohm, JM, Evans, LG, Finch, MJ, Hahn, BC, Hamara, DK, Janes, DM, Kerry, KE, Newsom, HE, Reedy, RC, Sprague, AL, Squyres, SW, Starr, RD, Taylor, GJ & Williams, RMS 2007, 'Equatorial and midlatitude distribution of chlorine measured by Mars Odyssey GRS', Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, vol. 112, no. 3, E03S08. https://doi.org/10.1029/2006JE002679
Keller, John M. ; Boynton, William V. ; Karunatillake, S. ; Baker, Victor ; Dohm, J. M. ; Evans, Larry G. ; Finch, M. J. ; Hahn, B. C. ; Hamara, Dave K. ; Janes, Daniel M. ; Kerry, Kristopher E. ; Newsom, H. E. ; Reedy, Robert C. ; Sprague, Ann L. ; Squyres, Steve W. ; Starr, Richard D. ; Taylor, G. Jeffrey ; Williams, R. M S. / Equatorial and midlatitude distribution of chlorine measured by Mars Odyssey GRS. In: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 2007 ; Vol. 112, No. 3.
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abstract = "The 2001 Mars Odyssey Gamma Ray Spectrometer (GRS) has made the first measurement of the equatorial and midlatitude distribution of C1 at the near-surface of Mars. A mean concentration value of 0.49 wt{\%} C1 has been determined from a grand sum of GRS spectra collected over the planet excluding high-latitude regions. C1 is significantly enriched within the upper few tens of centimeters of the surface relative to the Martian meteorites and estimates for the bulk composition of the planet. However, C1 is not homogeneously distributed and varies by a factor of ∼4 even after smoothing of data with a 10°-arc-radius filter. Several contiguous, geographically large (>20°) regions of high and low C1 concentrations are present. In particular, a region centered over the Medusae Fossae Formation west of Tharsis shows significantly elevated C1. A large region north of Syrtis Major extending into Utopia Planitia in the northern hemisphere shows the lowest C1 concentrations. On the basis of hierarchical multivariate correlations, C1 is positively associated with H while negatively associated with Si and thermal inertia. We discuss four possible geologic mechanisms (aeolian, volcanic, aqueous, and hydrothermal) that may have affected the C1 distribution seen by GRS. While some of the distribution may be due to C1-rich dust deposits transported by aeolian processes, this mechanism does not appear to account for all of the observed variability. We propose that reactions with volcanic exhalations may have been important for enriching C1 in Medusae Fossae Formation material.",
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AU - Kerry, Kristopher E.

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AU - Reedy, Robert C.

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