Error monitoring during reward and avoidance learning in high- and low- socialized individuals

Ziya V. Dikman, John JB Allen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

162 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The error-related negativity (ERN) is a response-locked brain potential generated when individuals make mistakes during simple decision-making tasks. In the present study, we examined ERN under conditions of reward and punishment, among participants who scored extremely low or high on the socialization scale of the California Psychological Inventory (CPI). Participants completed a forced-choice task, and were rewarded for correct responses in half the trials, and punished for incorrect responses in the remaining trials. A significant interaction between socialization (SO) and condition revealed that low-SO participants produced smaller ERNs during the punishment task than during the reward task, whereas high-SO participants produced similar ERNs in both conditions. Reaction time and electromyogram data essentially bolster the interpretation that the ERN effects reflect differences in error salience for high-SO and low-SO participants, and are consistent with the avoidance-learning deficits seen in psychopathy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)43-54
Number of pages12
JournalPsychophysiology
Volume37
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2000

Fingerprint

Avoidance Learning
Socialization
Reward
Punishment
Electromyography
Reaction Time
Decision Making
Psychology
Equipment and Supplies
Brain

Keywords

  • Error-related negativity
  • Event-related brain potential (ERP)
  • Punishment
  • Reward
  • Socialization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Psychology(all)
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

Cite this

Error monitoring during reward and avoidance learning in high- and low- socialized individuals. / Dikman, Ziya V.; Allen, John JB.

In: Psychophysiology, Vol. 37, No. 1, 01.2000, p. 43-54.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{407b57af44324c999c9d6b0fd1e07987,
title = "Error monitoring during reward and avoidance learning in high- and low- socialized individuals",
abstract = "The error-related negativity (ERN) is a response-locked brain potential generated when individuals make mistakes during simple decision-making tasks. In the present study, we examined ERN under conditions of reward and punishment, among participants who scored extremely low or high on the socialization scale of the California Psychological Inventory (CPI). Participants completed a forced-choice task, and were rewarded for correct responses in half the trials, and punished for incorrect responses in the remaining trials. A significant interaction between socialization (SO) and condition revealed that low-SO participants produced smaller ERNs during the punishment task than during the reward task, whereas high-SO participants produced similar ERNs in both conditions. Reaction time and electromyogram data essentially bolster the interpretation that the ERN effects reflect differences in error salience for high-SO and low-SO participants, and are consistent with the avoidance-learning deficits seen in psychopathy.",
keywords = "Error-related negativity, Event-related brain potential (ERP), Punishment, Reward, Socialization",
author = "Dikman, {Ziya V.} and Allen, {John JB}",
year = "2000",
month = "1",
doi = "10.1017/S0048577200980983",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "37",
pages = "43--54",
journal = "Psychophysiology",
issn = "0048-5772",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Error monitoring during reward and avoidance learning in high- and low- socialized individuals

AU - Dikman, Ziya V.

AU - Allen, John JB

PY - 2000/1

Y1 - 2000/1

N2 - The error-related negativity (ERN) is a response-locked brain potential generated when individuals make mistakes during simple decision-making tasks. In the present study, we examined ERN under conditions of reward and punishment, among participants who scored extremely low or high on the socialization scale of the California Psychological Inventory (CPI). Participants completed a forced-choice task, and were rewarded for correct responses in half the trials, and punished for incorrect responses in the remaining trials. A significant interaction between socialization (SO) and condition revealed that low-SO participants produced smaller ERNs during the punishment task than during the reward task, whereas high-SO participants produced similar ERNs in both conditions. Reaction time and electromyogram data essentially bolster the interpretation that the ERN effects reflect differences in error salience for high-SO and low-SO participants, and are consistent with the avoidance-learning deficits seen in psychopathy.

AB - The error-related negativity (ERN) is a response-locked brain potential generated when individuals make mistakes during simple decision-making tasks. In the present study, we examined ERN under conditions of reward and punishment, among participants who scored extremely low or high on the socialization scale of the California Psychological Inventory (CPI). Participants completed a forced-choice task, and were rewarded for correct responses in half the trials, and punished for incorrect responses in the remaining trials. A significant interaction between socialization (SO) and condition revealed that low-SO participants produced smaller ERNs during the punishment task than during the reward task, whereas high-SO participants produced similar ERNs in both conditions. Reaction time and electromyogram data essentially bolster the interpretation that the ERN effects reflect differences in error salience for high-SO and low-SO participants, and are consistent with the avoidance-learning deficits seen in psychopathy.

KW - Error-related negativity

KW - Event-related brain potential (ERP)

KW - Punishment

KW - Reward

KW - Socialization

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0033987809&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0033987809&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1017/S0048577200980983

DO - 10.1017/S0048577200980983

M3 - Article

C2 - 10705766

AN - SCOPUS:0033987809

VL - 37

SP - 43

EP - 54

JO - Psychophysiology

JF - Psychophysiology

SN - 0048-5772

IS - 1

ER -