Estimation of tensile strength and moduli of a tension compression bi modular rock

Jiong Wei, Jingren Zhou, Jae Joon Song, Yulong Chen, Pinnaduwa H.S.W. Kulatilake

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The Brazilian test has been widely used to determine the indirect tensile strength of rock, concrete and other brittle materials. The basic assumption for the calculation formula of Brazilian tensile strength is that the elastic moduli of rock are the same both in tension and compression. However, the fact is that the elastic moduli in tension and compression of most rocks are different. Thus, the formula of Brazilian tensile strength under the assumption of isotropy is unreasonable. In the present study, we conducted Brazilian tests on flat disk-shaped rock specimens and attached strain gauges at the center of the disc to measure the strains of rock. A tension-compression bi-modular model is proposed to interpret the data of the Brazilian test. The relations between the principal strains, principal stresses and the ratio of the compressive modulus to tensile modulus at the disc center are established. Thus, the tensile and compressive moduli as well as the correct tensile strength can be estimated simultaneously by the new formulas. It is found that the tensile and compressive moduli obtained using these formulas were in well agreement with the values obtained from the direct tension and compression tests. The formulas deduced from the Brazilian test based on the assumption of isotropy overestimated the tensile strength and tensile modulus and underestimated the compressive modulus. This work provides a new methodology to estimate tensile strength and moduli of rock simultaneously considering tension-compression bi-modularity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)349-358
Number of pages10
JournalGeomechanics and Engineering
Volume24
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Brazilian test
  • Compressive modulus
  • Indirect tensile strength
  • Tensile modulus
  • Tension compression bi modular rock

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology

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