A finite human cell line was established from trabecular bone explants obtained from a 48‐year‐old woman. These cells, designated BG688, were characterized as osteoblast‐like in phenotype using the following independent criteria: (1) the presence of histochemically detectable alkaline phosphatase (AP) activity; (2) response to the calciotropic hormone 1,25‐(OH)2D3 as assessed by increased AP activity; (3) synthesis and secretion of the osteoblast‐specific marker bone gla protein; and (4) expression of α1(I)‐procollagen and α1(III)‐procollagen mRNAs in a pattern similar to that of other osteoblast‐like cell lines. In addition to these classic osteoblast markers, BG688 cells also possess approximately 2400 high‐affinity (Kd = 0.45 nM) 17β‐estradiol (E2) binding sites per cell. The binding of E2 to these sites is specific, and of the steroid hormone agonists tested, E2 and diethylstilbestrol elicited the greatest amount of competition with radiolabeled E2. BG688 cells were also shown to respond to a physiologic concentration (10 nM) of E2. In vitro translation products of poly(A)+ RNA obtained from control and hormone‐treated cells revealed a pleiotropic influence of E2 on the relative abundance of several mRNAs as assessed by two‐dimensional gel electrophoretic analysis of their corresponding peptides. E2 also elicits a twofold increase in the steady‐state concentration of α1(I)‐procollagen mRNA as demonstrated by northern blot hybridization. Thus, we here extend our previous data obtained in osteoblast‐like osteosarcoma cells to indicate that a normal osteoblastic cell line is a target for the action of estrogen. The E2 responsiveness of these cells, coupled with their osteoblast‐like phenotype, renders BG688 cells an attractive system in which to investigate the role of estrogens in the regulation of osteoblast function.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine