Ethanol consumption and early murine retrovirus infection influence liver, heart, and muscle levels of iron, zinc, and copper in C57BL/6 mice

L. M. Shahbazian, S. Wood, Ronald R Watson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The relative and combined roles of ethanol and murine acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (MAIDS) on the mineral status (Fe, Zn, and Cu) of liver (storage site), heart, muscle (nutrient mobile sites) were investigated. C57BL/6 mice were randomly assigned to four groups: (a) uninfected mice fed isocaloric, adequate nutrient diet (NRC), (b) uninfected mice fed the NRC diet with 25% of energy derived from ethanol, (c) LP-BM5 retrovirus-infected mice fed the isocaloric NRC diet, and (d) retrovirus- infected mice fed the NRC diet with 25% of its energy derived from ethanol. The levels of Cu and Zn levels in the liver did not significantly change as a result of ethanol consumption. However hepatic Zn concentration was increased significantly in retrovirus-infected mice. This may be correlated to the increase in their liver weight. Ethanol administration significantly increased Fe concentration in the liver, yet significantly decreased concentration of Cu in the heart. Retrovirus infection alone, which had not proceeded to murine AIDS, resulted in a significant increase in heart Cu and Zn concentration as compared with uninfected mice. Retrovirus infection in C57BL/6 mice significantly increased Fe and Zn level/g of muscle. Early retrovirus infection alters tissue micronutrient levels, and may thus contribute to immunological changes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)964-968
Number of pages5
JournalAlcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research
Volume18
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1994

Fingerprint

Retroviridae Infections
Inbred C57BL Mouse
Liver
Muscle
Zinc
Copper
Myocardium
Nutrition
Ethanol
Iron
Murine Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Retroviridae
Diet
Nutrients
Micronutrients
Food
Minerals
Tissue
Weights and Measures
Muscles

Keywords

  • Copper
  • Ethanol
  • Iron
  • Murine AIDS
  • Zinc

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Toxicology

Cite this

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title = "Ethanol consumption and early murine retrovirus infection influence liver, heart, and muscle levels of iron, zinc, and copper in C57BL/6 mice",
abstract = "The relative and combined roles of ethanol and murine acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (MAIDS) on the mineral status (Fe, Zn, and Cu) of liver (storage site), heart, muscle (nutrient mobile sites) were investigated. C57BL/6 mice were randomly assigned to four groups: (a) uninfected mice fed isocaloric, adequate nutrient diet (NRC), (b) uninfected mice fed the NRC diet with 25{\%} of energy derived from ethanol, (c) LP-BM5 retrovirus-infected mice fed the isocaloric NRC diet, and (d) retrovirus- infected mice fed the NRC diet with 25{\%} of its energy derived from ethanol. The levels of Cu and Zn levels in the liver did not significantly change as a result of ethanol consumption. However hepatic Zn concentration was increased significantly in retrovirus-infected mice. This may be correlated to the increase in their liver weight. Ethanol administration significantly increased Fe concentration in the liver, yet significantly decreased concentration of Cu in the heart. Retrovirus infection alone, which had not proceeded to murine AIDS, resulted in a significant increase in heart Cu and Zn concentration as compared with uninfected mice. Retrovirus infection in C57BL/6 mice significantly increased Fe and Zn level/g of muscle. Early retrovirus infection alters tissue micronutrient levels, and may thus contribute to immunological changes.",
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author = "Shahbazian, {L. M.} and S. Wood and Watson, {Ronald R}",
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T1 - Ethanol consumption and early murine retrovirus infection influence liver, heart, and muscle levels of iron, zinc, and copper in C57BL/6 mice

AU - Shahbazian, L. M.

AU - Wood, S.

AU - Watson, Ronald R

PY - 1994

Y1 - 1994

N2 - The relative and combined roles of ethanol and murine acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (MAIDS) on the mineral status (Fe, Zn, and Cu) of liver (storage site), heart, muscle (nutrient mobile sites) were investigated. C57BL/6 mice were randomly assigned to four groups: (a) uninfected mice fed isocaloric, adequate nutrient diet (NRC), (b) uninfected mice fed the NRC diet with 25% of energy derived from ethanol, (c) LP-BM5 retrovirus-infected mice fed the isocaloric NRC diet, and (d) retrovirus- infected mice fed the NRC diet with 25% of its energy derived from ethanol. The levels of Cu and Zn levels in the liver did not significantly change as a result of ethanol consumption. However hepatic Zn concentration was increased significantly in retrovirus-infected mice. This may be correlated to the increase in their liver weight. Ethanol administration significantly increased Fe concentration in the liver, yet significantly decreased concentration of Cu in the heart. Retrovirus infection alone, which had not proceeded to murine AIDS, resulted in a significant increase in heart Cu and Zn concentration as compared with uninfected mice. Retrovirus infection in C57BL/6 mice significantly increased Fe and Zn level/g of muscle. Early retrovirus infection alters tissue micronutrient levels, and may thus contribute to immunological changes.

AB - The relative and combined roles of ethanol and murine acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (MAIDS) on the mineral status (Fe, Zn, and Cu) of liver (storage site), heart, muscle (nutrient mobile sites) were investigated. C57BL/6 mice were randomly assigned to four groups: (a) uninfected mice fed isocaloric, adequate nutrient diet (NRC), (b) uninfected mice fed the NRC diet with 25% of energy derived from ethanol, (c) LP-BM5 retrovirus-infected mice fed the isocaloric NRC diet, and (d) retrovirus- infected mice fed the NRC diet with 25% of its energy derived from ethanol. The levels of Cu and Zn levels in the liver did not significantly change as a result of ethanol consumption. However hepatic Zn concentration was increased significantly in retrovirus-infected mice. This may be correlated to the increase in their liver weight. Ethanol administration significantly increased Fe concentration in the liver, yet significantly decreased concentration of Cu in the heart. Retrovirus infection alone, which had not proceeded to murine AIDS, resulted in a significant increase in heart Cu and Zn concentration as compared with uninfected mice. Retrovirus infection in C57BL/6 mice significantly increased Fe and Zn level/g of muscle. Early retrovirus infection alters tissue micronutrient levels, and may thus contribute to immunological changes.

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