Twenty patients with an average of more than 30 ventricular premature complexes (VPCs) per hour were treated with ethmozine. Eighteen had either not responded or had adverse reactions to at least 1 other antiarrhythmic drug. Patients were treated with 200 to 300 mg 3 times daily (8.25 to 11.7 mg/kg) and were followed for up to 6 months. Three patients were withdrawn from ethmozine therapy because of unwanted effects before evaluation of efficacy. One of these patients had sustained ventricular tachycardia (VT) after a loading dose of ethmozine. Eleven of the remaining 17 patients (65%) experienced more than a 75% reduction in ventricular ectopic activity. Six patients had a smaller or no decrease in VPC frequency. Eleven of 16 patients (68%) with paired VPCs had a more than 90% reduction in paired VPC frequency. Eleven of 13 patients (84%) with VT events of 3 beats or more had more than a 90% reduction in VT events. Of the 11 patients in whom a more than 75% reduction in VPC frequency occurred, 1 patient died suddenly after 133 days of effective drug therapy. Three patients discontinued ethmozine therapy for reasons not related to the drug. Of the 6 patients in whom there was less than a 75% reduction in VPC frequency, 2 patients discontinued treatment, 1 patient because of hyperanxiety and 1 because of drug-related left anterior hemiblock. Ethmozine lengthened PR and QRS intervals but not the JT interval. Thus, ethmozine is effective and clinically useful for suppression of frequent VPCs in 50% (10 of 20 patients) of a selected population.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine