In recent years, increasing emphasis has been placed on race, ethnicity and culture as they relate to recruitment into and retention in substance abuse treatment as well as treatment effectiveness. Racial/ethnic and cultural differences were studied among women participating in two programs located within a large southwestern city. One of these programs was residential treatment for drug-using women and the other program provided street outreach for HIV prevention/education to drug-using women. Significant differences were found among racial/ethnic groups within each program and between the two programs. Differences were explored for the following factors: marital status; education; age at entry into the program; drug use history; drug treatment history; current use patterns; injection rates; history of arrests and exchange of sex for drugs. The authors conclude with a discussion of these differences and their potential ramifications for conducting future research and in developing/implementing effective prevention and treatment programs.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Medicine (miscellaneous)
- Health(social science)
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health