Evaluating keratoconus progression prior to crosslinking: maximum keratometry vs the ABCD grading system

Riccardo Vinciguerra, Michael W. Belin, Alfredo Borgia, Raffaele Piscopo, Alessio Montericcio, Filippo Confalonieri, Emanuela F. Legrottaglie, Pietro Rosetta, Paolo Vinciguerra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

PURPOSE: To evaluate the correlation between changes in maximum keratometry (Kmax) and ABC values from the ABCD Progression Display (Pentacam) in progressive keratoconus (KC) and to evaluate whether the ABC changes were able to detect progression earlier than Kmax. SETTING: Humanitas Clinical and Research Center, Rozzano, Milan, Italy. DESIGN: Retrospective study. METHODS: Kmax, ABC values, and thinnest point (ThCT) were recorded at the day of corneal crosslinking (CXL) (T0) and previous follow-up (T-1). In patients without earlier progression in Kmax, follow-up examination (T-2) was used to determine whether any of the ABC parameters reached statistical significance for progression. RESULTS: Seventy-six eyes of 63 patients scheduled for CXL with documented progression (Kmax increase of >1.00 diopter) were included. There was a significant, albeit moderate, correlation between the change in Kmax between T0 and T-1 and the change in both A (ρ = 0.391) and B values (ρ = 0.339). There was no significant correlation between the change in Kmax between T0 and T-1 and the change in either C or ThCT. In patients with T-2 examinations, 16 (51.6%) of 31 patients showed a statistically significant change on the ABCD progression display that was not detected with Kmax. CONCLUSIONS: This study showed a significant, but moderate, correlation between the change in Kmax and the change in A and B values in progressive KC. Moreover, more than half of the cases showed documented progression earlier with the ABCD progression display than that detected by standard Kmax changes. This study suggests possible changes in progression criteria to allow for earlier intervention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)33-39
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of cataract and refractive surgery
Volume47
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems

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