Evaluating the role and value of a clinical pharmacist in a concierge primary care clinic

Annette De Santiago, Jennifer M. Bingham, Shannon Vaffis, Nicole Scovis, Emily McGlamery, Kevin Boesen, Terri Warholak, Harman Dhatt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To understand the perceived role and value of the clinical pharmacist in a southern Arizona concierge primary care practice (CPCP) by employees. Methods: Semistructured face-to-face interviews were conducted with health care team members employed by the CPCP site in December 2019 and January 2020 for this study. The interviews were audio recorded, transcribed, and thematically analyzed using an inductive approach with ATLAS.ti (version 7). A qualitative assessment was performed by 2 independent reviewers to identify the themes, which included clinical, economic, and humanistic outcomes. Results: Eleven CPCP employees were interviewed: physicians (n = 2), a nurse practitioner (n = 1), medical assistants (n = 4), and administrative staff (n = 4). The perceived role and value of the clinical pharmacist in this CPCP varied by employee position; yet, all expressed the pharmacist's positive impact on patient care. Five themes were identified. The most common pharmacist roles identified included providing medication knowledge to providers, preventing abuse of controlled substances, monitoring clinical response to medications and adverse drug events, aiding in prior authorizations, educating patients, and providing patient-centered care. Conclusion: These results demonstrate that the integration of a clinical pharmacist into a CPCP can be valuable. This study highlights that the pharmacist was positively received by the physicians and staff. This further supports the value of the pharmacist as a key interprofessional health care team member. Further study is warranted to assess the longitudinal impact of pharmacists’ services in a CPCP.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)240-247.e1
JournalJournal of the American Pharmacists Association
Volume61
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology (nursing)
  • Pharmacy
  • Pharmacology

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