Evaluation of a fully automated analyzer for rapid measurement of water vapor sorption isotherms for applications in soil science

Emmanuel Arthur, Markus Tuller, Per Moldrup, Lis Wollesen De Jonge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

The characterization and description of important soil processes such as water vapor transport, volatilization of pesticides, and hysteresis require accurate means for measuring the soil water characteristic (SWC) at low water potentials. Until recently, measurement of the SWC at low water potentials was constrained by hydraulic decoupling and long equilibration times when pressure plates or singlepoint, chilled-mirror instruments were used. A new, fully automated vapor sorption analyzer (VSA) helps to overcome these challenges and allows faster measurement of highly detailed water vapor sorption isotherms. In this technical note we present a comprehensive evaluation of the VSA instrument for a wide range of differently textured soils and discuss optimal measurement settings. The effects of operation mode, air-flow rate, sample pretreatment, test temperature, sample mass, and mass trigger point on resultant sorption isotherms were evaluated for a relative humidity (RH) range from 0.10 to 0.90. Both adsorption and desorption branches were measured for all soils within a reasonable time period (10-50 h). Sample masses larger than 3.5 g resulted in incomplete adsorption and desorption, while oven-dry (105°C) samples of coarse-textured soils exhibited water repellency characteristics. The required measurement times were strongly correlated with clay content and influenced by high organic carbon content.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)754-760
Number of pages7
JournalSoil Science Society of America Journal
Volume78
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Soil Science

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