Low irrigation efficiencies persist in irrigated areas near Yuma, Arizona due to poorly designed irrigation systems, poor condition of existing systems, inaccurate delivery of flow rates, and inadequate criteria for determining irrigation cutoff to individual basins. In farms where growers lack adequate control over the water supplied to individual basins, conventional irrigation cutoff criteria, based on precise measurement of inflow rates, are ineffective. A joint research project, involving the USDA-ARS-ALARC, University of Arizona, and the USBR, is exploring the management of these systems using the time of advance to half the field length as a criterion for cutoff when inflow rates are not know accurately. Preliminary simulation studies have shown the potential benefits and limitations of such a strategy. This strategy is being tested in the field, to assess its sensitivity to uncertain system properties. This article describes the general research methodology and some of the initial simulation and field results.