Evaluation of unexplained acute and acute recurrent pancreatitis using endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, sphincter of Oddi manometry and endoscopic ultrasound

Walt J. Coyle, B. C. Pineau, P. R. Tarnasky, W. L. Knapple, L. Aabakken, B. J. Hoffman, J. T. Cunningham, R. H. Hawes, P. B. Cotton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

116 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and study aims: Unexplained pancreatitis represents a diagnostic challenge. The aim of this study was to determine the diagnostic utility of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) with sphincter of Oddi manometry (SOM), bile analysis, and endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) in evaluating such patients. Patients and methods: Of 162 patients referred for evaluation of pancreatitis, 72 with a known cause were excluded. The remainder (n = 90) was classified as having prior acute (n = 24) or recurrent acute pancreatitis (n = 66). Bile sampling and SOM were performed at the time of ERCP. EUS was used to assess for tumors and for chronic pancreatitis. Clinical outcomes were evaluated by questionnaire. Results: ERCP was successful in 88/89 patients (99%). Manometry was successful in 63/67 patients (94%), and 56 patients underwent EUS. Findings were categorized into five distinct etiologies: sphincter of Oddi dysfunction (SOD) (n = 28; 31%), pancreas divisum (n = 18; 20%), biliary (n = 18; 20%), idiopathic (n = 18; 20%) and tumor-related (n = 8; 9%). Features of moderate or severe chronic pancreatitis by EUS and ERCP criteria were found in 18 patients (21%); an additional nine patients had chronic pancreatitis by EUS criteria alone. EUS identified all the tumors. The condition was improved in 96% of all patients undergoing endoscopic therapy. Conclusion: An etiology was identified in the majority of patients with unexplained pancreatitis. SOD represented the most common finding. Moderate to severe chronic pancreatitis was found in over one-fifth of these patients. Bile analysis, SOM, and EUS are useful tools in the evaluation of unexplained acute pancreatitis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)617-623
Number of pages7
JournalEndoscopy
Volume34
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 20 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Evaluation of unexplained acute and acute recurrent pancreatitis using endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, sphincter of Oddi manometry and endoscopic ultrasound'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this