Evaporative mass transfer behavior of a complex immiscible liquid

Colleen M. McColl, Gwynn R. Johnson, Mark L Brusseau

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A series of laboratory experiments was conducted with a multiple-component immiscible liquid, collected from the Picillo Farm Superfund Site in Rhode Island, to examine liquid-vapor mass-transfer behavior. The immiscible liquid, which comprises solvents, oils, pesticides, PCBs, paint sludges, explosives, and other compounds, was characterized using gas chromatography and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry to determine mole fractions of selected constituents. Batch experiments were conducted to evaluate equilibrium phase-partitioning behavior. Two sets of air-stripping column studies were conducted to examine the mass-transfer dynamics of five selected target compounds present in the immiscible-liquid mixture. One set of column experiments was designed to represent a system with free-phase immiscible liquid present; the other was designed to represent a system with a residual phase of immiscible liquid. Initial elution behavior of all target components generally appeared to be ideal for both systems, as the initial vapor-phase concentrations were similar to vapor-phase concentrations measured for the batch experiment and those estimated using Raoult's law (incorporating the immiscible-liquid composition data). Later-stage removal of 1,2-dichlorobenzene appeared to be rate limited for the columns containing free-phase immiscible liquid and no porous medium. Conversely, evaporative mass transfer appeared to be ideal throughout the experiment conducted with immiscible liquid distributed relatively uniformly as a residual phase within a sandy porous medium.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)607-613
Number of pages7
JournalChemosphere
Volume73
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2008

Fingerprint

Mass Behavior
mass transfer
Mass transfer
liquid
Paint
Polychlorinated Biphenyls
Liquids
Sewage
Pesticides
Gas Chromatography
Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry
Oils
Air
Vapors
Gas chromatography
Experiments
Porous materials
porous medium
gas chromatography
experiment

Keywords

  • Multiple-component NAPL
  • Raoult's law
  • Rate-limited mass transfer
  • SVE

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Environmental Science(all)

Cite this

Evaporative mass transfer behavior of a complex immiscible liquid. / McColl, Colleen M.; Johnson, Gwynn R.; Brusseau, Mark L.

In: Chemosphere, Vol. 73, No. 4, 09.2008, p. 607-613.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

McColl, Colleen M. ; Johnson, Gwynn R. ; Brusseau, Mark L. / Evaporative mass transfer behavior of a complex immiscible liquid. In: Chemosphere. 2008 ; Vol. 73, No. 4. pp. 607-613.
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