The T cell receptor (TCR) and associated CD3γε, δε, and ζζ signaling dimers allow T cells to discriminate between different antigens and respond accordingly, but our knowledge of how these parts fit and work together is incomplete. In this study, we provide additional evidence that the CD3 heterodimers congregate on one side of the TCR in both the αβ and γδTCR-CD3 complexes. We also report that the other side of the αβTCR mediates homotypic αβTCR interactions and signaling. Specifically, an erythropoietin receptor-based dimerization assay was used to show that, upon complex assembly, the CD3ε chains of two CD3 heterodimers are arranged side-by-side in both the αβ and γδTCR-CD3 complexes. This system was also used to show that αβTCRs can dimerize in the cell membrane and that mutating the unusual outer strands of the Cα domain impairs this dimerization. Finally, we present data showing that, for CD4 T cells, the mutations that impair αβTCR dimerization also alter ligand-induced calcium mobilization, TCR accumulation at the site of pMHC contact, and polarization toward the site of antigen contact. These data reveal a "functional- sidedness" to the αβTCR constant region, with dimerization occurring on the side of the TCR opposite from where the CD3 heterodimers are located.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - Mar 16 2010|
- T cell
- T cell receptor
ASJC Scopus subject areas