Evidence for a third factor on the positive and negative affect schedule in a college student sample

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS) was originally developed to measure two orthogonal dimensions of affect. The present study examined the factor structure of the PANAS in a sample of 302 undergraduates. Maximum Likelihood factor analysis was used to compare two- and three-factor solutions to self-rated affect. The two-factor solution resulted in confirmation of the two factors of Positive and Negative Affect hypothesized to underlie the schedule. When, however, a three-factor solution was specified, the Positive Affect factor was retained, while the Negative Affect factor split into two lower-order factors generally consistent with the Upset and Afraid factors described by Mehrabian in 1997. These findings highlight the need for research to consider the possible influence of a third affective dimension, such as Dominance-Submissiveness on self-rated affective experience.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)147-152
Number of pages6
JournalPerceptual and Motor Skills
Volume90
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2000
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Appointments and Schedules
Students
Statistical Factor Analysis
Research

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

Cite this

Evidence for a third factor on the positive and negative affect schedule in a college student sample. / Killgore, William.

In: Perceptual and Motor Skills, Vol. 90, No. 1, 02.2000, p. 147-152.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{fe94aa680d044d889c03cd803505a0aa,
title = "Evidence for a third factor on the positive and negative affect schedule in a college student sample",
abstract = "The Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS) was originally developed to measure two orthogonal dimensions of affect. The present study examined the factor structure of the PANAS in a sample of 302 undergraduates. Maximum Likelihood factor analysis was used to compare two- and three-factor solutions to self-rated affect. The two-factor solution resulted in confirmation of the two factors of Positive and Negative Affect hypothesized to underlie the schedule. When, however, a three-factor solution was specified, the Positive Affect factor was retained, while the Negative Affect factor split into two lower-order factors generally consistent with the Upset and Afraid factors described by Mehrabian in 1997. These findings highlight the need for research to consider the possible influence of a third affective dimension, such as Dominance-Submissiveness on self-rated affective experience.",
author = "William Killgore",
year = "2000",
month = "2",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "90",
pages = "147--152",
journal = "Perceptual and Motor Skills",
issn = "0031-5125",
publisher = "Ammons Scientific Ltd",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Evidence for a third factor on the positive and negative affect schedule in a college student sample

AU - Killgore, William

PY - 2000/2

Y1 - 2000/2

N2 - The Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS) was originally developed to measure two orthogonal dimensions of affect. The present study examined the factor structure of the PANAS in a sample of 302 undergraduates. Maximum Likelihood factor analysis was used to compare two- and three-factor solutions to self-rated affect. The two-factor solution resulted in confirmation of the two factors of Positive and Negative Affect hypothesized to underlie the schedule. When, however, a three-factor solution was specified, the Positive Affect factor was retained, while the Negative Affect factor split into two lower-order factors generally consistent with the Upset and Afraid factors described by Mehrabian in 1997. These findings highlight the need for research to consider the possible influence of a third affective dimension, such as Dominance-Submissiveness on self-rated affective experience.

AB - The Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS) was originally developed to measure two orthogonal dimensions of affect. The present study examined the factor structure of the PANAS in a sample of 302 undergraduates. Maximum Likelihood factor analysis was used to compare two- and three-factor solutions to self-rated affect. The two-factor solution resulted in confirmation of the two factors of Positive and Negative Affect hypothesized to underlie the schedule. When, however, a three-factor solution was specified, the Positive Affect factor was retained, while the Negative Affect factor split into two lower-order factors generally consistent with the Upset and Afraid factors described by Mehrabian in 1997. These findings highlight the need for research to consider the possible influence of a third affective dimension, such as Dominance-Submissiveness on self-rated affective experience.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0041118454&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0041118454&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 10769893

AN - SCOPUS:0041118454

VL - 90

SP - 147

EP - 152

JO - Perceptual and Motor Skills

JF - Perceptual and Motor Skills

SN - 0031-5125

IS - 1

ER -