Evidence for flash mixing in He-rich sdB stars

Allen V. Sweigart, Thierry Lanz, Thomas M. Brown, Ivan - Hubeny, Wayne B. Landsman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present FUSE spectra of three He-rich sdB stars. Two of these stars, PG1544+488 and JL87, reveal extremely strong C III lines, suggesting that they have mixed triple-α carbon from the deep interior out to their surfaces. Using TLUSTY NLTE line-blanketed model atmospheres, we find that PG1544+488 has a surface composition of 96% He, 2% C, and 1% N. JL87 shows a similar surface enrichment of C and N but still retains a significant amount of hydrogen. In contrast, the third star, LB1766, is devoid of hydrogen and strongly depleted of carbon, indicating that its surface material has undergone CN-cycle processing. We interpret these observations with new evolutionary calculations which suggest that He-rich sdB stars with C-rich compositions arise from a delayed helium-core flash on the white-dwarf cooling curve. During such a flash the interior convection zone will penetrate into the stellar envelope, thereby mixing the envelope with the He- and C-rich core. Such "flash-mixed" stars will arrive on the extreme horizontal branch (EHB) with He- and C-rich surface compositions and will be hotter than the hottest canonical EHB stars. Two types of flash mixing are possible: "deep" and "shallow", depending on whether the hydrogen envelope is mixed deeply into the site of the helium flash or only with the outer layers of the core. Based on both their stellar parameters and surface compositions, we suggest that PG1544+488 and JL87 are examples of "deep" and "shallow" flash mixing, respectively.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)367-370
Number of pages4
JournalAstrophysics and Space Science
Volume291
Issue number3-4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2004

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flash
stars
hydrogen
helium
envelopes
Far UV Spectroscopic Explorer
stellar envelopes
horizontal branch stars
carbon
convection
cooling
atmospheres
cycles
atmosphere
curves

Keywords

  • sdB stars
  • space missions: FUSE
  • spectroscopy
  • stellar evolution

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Evidence for flash mixing in He-rich sdB stars. / Sweigart, Allen V.; Lanz, Thierry; Brown, Thomas M.; Hubeny, Ivan -; Landsman, Wayne B.

In: Astrophysics and Space Science, Vol. 291, No. 3-4, 2004, p. 367-370.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sweigart, AV, Lanz, T, Brown, TM, Hubeny, I & Landsman, WB 2004, 'Evidence for flash mixing in He-rich sdB stars', Astrophysics and Space Science, vol. 291, no. 3-4, pp. 367-370. https://doi.org/10.1023/B:ASTR.0000044345.85262.dd
Sweigart, Allen V. ; Lanz, Thierry ; Brown, Thomas M. ; Hubeny, Ivan - ; Landsman, Wayne B. / Evidence for flash mixing in He-rich sdB stars. In: Astrophysics and Space Science. 2004 ; Vol. 291, No. 3-4. pp. 367-370.
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AB - We present FUSE spectra of three He-rich sdB stars. Two of these stars, PG1544+488 and JL87, reveal extremely strong C III lines, suggesting that they have mixed triple-α carbon from the deep interior out to their surfaces. Using TLUSTY NLTE line-blanketed model atmospheres, we find that PG1544+488 has a surface composition of 96% He, 2% C, and 1% N. JL87 shows a similar surface enrichment of C and N but still retains a significant amount of hydrogen. In contrast, the third star, LB1766, is devoid of hydrogen and strongly depleted of carbon, indicating that its surface material has undergone CN-cycle processing. We interpret these observations with new evolutionary calculations which suggest that He-rich sdB stars with C-rich compositions arise from a delayed helium-core flash on the white-dwarf cooling curve. During such a flash the interior convection zone will penetrate into the stellar envelope, thereby mixing the envelope with the He- and C-rich core. Such "flash-mixed" stars will arrive on the extreme horizontal branch (EHB) with He- and C-rich surface compositions and will be hotter than the hottest canonical EHB stars. Two types of flash mixing are possible: "deep" and "shallow", depending on whether the hydrogen envelope is mixed deeply into the site of the helium flash or only with the outer layers of the core. Based on both their stellar parameters and surface compositions, we suggest that PG1544+488 and JL87 are examples of "deep" and "shallow" flash mixing, respectively.

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