Evidence for misaligned disks in the T Tauri triple system: 10 μm superresolution with MMTAO and Markov chains

Andrew J. Skemer, Laird M. Close, Philip M. Hinz, William F. Hoffmann, Matthew A. Kenworthy, Douglas L. Miller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

Although T Tauri is one of the most studied young objects in astronomy, the nature of its circumstellar environment remains elusive, due in part to the small angular separation of its three components (North-South and South a-b are separated by 0.68″ and 0.12″, respectively). Taking advantage of incredibly stable, high Strehl ratio point-spread functions (PSFs) obtained with mid-IR adaptive optics at the 6.5 m MMT, we are able to resolve the system on and off the 10 μm silicate dust feature (8.7, 10.55, and 11.86 μm; 10% bandwidth), and broad N. At these wavelengths, South a-b are separated by only ∼0.3λ/D. This paper describes a robust Markov chain Monte Carlo technique to separate all three components astrometrically and photometrically, for the first time, in the mid-IR. Our results show that the silicate feature previously observed in the unresolved T Tau South binary is dominated by T Tau Sa's absorption, while Sb does not appear to have a significant feature. This suggests that a large circumbinary disk around Sa-Sb is not likely the primary source of cool dust in our line of sight, and that T Tau Sa is enshrouded by a nearly edge-on circumstellar disk. Surprisingly, T Tau Sb does not appear to have a similarly oriented disk.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1082-1087
Number of pages6
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume676
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2008

Keywords

  • Binaries: visual
  • Instrumentation: adaptive optics
  • Planetary systems: protoplanetary disks
  • Techniques: high angular resolution
  • Techniques: image processing
  • Techniques: photometric

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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