Evidence for perceptual defense uncontaminated by response bias

Richard R. Bootzin, Thomas Natsoulas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper describes an experimental procedure which tends to minimize differences in response bias for neutral and anxiety-arousing words and presents some evidence of poorer recognition for anxiety-arousing than for neutral words unaccounted for by differences in response bias. When an anxiety-arousing or neutral word is presented tachistoscopically S must choose his response, respectively, from a pair of anxiety-arousing words or a pair of neutral words. For a stimulus duration of .03 sec. a poorer accuracy of recognition for anxiety-arousing words is found in the absence of a differential response bias between the 2 classes of words. With repeated exposures to the words, this perceptual defense effect is found to decline to nonsignificant levels. Extreme groups with respect to scores on personality scales provide unexpected results. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)461-468
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Personality and Social Psychology
Volume1
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 1965

Keywords

  • DEFENSE/PERCEPTUAL, VS RESPONSE BIAS IN WORD RECOGNITION
  • PERSONALITY ADJUSTMENT
  • RECOGNITION, OF WORDS, RESPONSE BIAS VS PERCEPTUAL DEFENSE
  • RESPONSE, BIAS VS PERCEPTUAL DEFENSE IN WORD RECOGNITION

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science

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