Evidence for supernova-synthesized dust from the rising afterglow of GRB 071025 at z ∼ 5

Daniel A. Perley, J. S. Bloom, C. R. Klein, S. Covino, T. Minezaki, P. Woźniak, W. T. Vestrand, G. G. Williams, P. Milne, N. R. Butler, A. C. Updike, T. Krühler, P. Afonso, A. Antonelli, L. Cowie, P. Ferrero, J. Greiner, D. H. Hartmann, Y. Kakazu, A. Küpcü YoldaşA. N. Morgan, P. A. Price, J. X. Prochaska, Y. Yoshii

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Abstract

We present observations and analysis of the broad-band afterglow of Swift GRB 071025. Using optical and infrared (RIYJHK) photometry, we derive a photometric redshift of 4.4 < z < 5.2; at this redshift our simultaneous multicolour observations begin at ∼30 s after the gamma-ray burst trigger in the host frame, during the initial rising phase of the afterglow. We associate the light-curve peak at ∼580 s in the observer frame with the formation of the forward shock, giving an estimate of the initial Lorentz factor Γ0 ∼ 200. The red spectral energy distribution (even in regions not affected by the Lyman α break) provides secure evidence of a large dust column. However, the inferred extinction curve shows a prominent flat component between 2000 and 3000 Å in the rest frame, inconsistent with any locally observed template but well fitted by models of dust formed by supernovae. Time-dependent fits to the extinction profile reveal no evidence of dust destruction and limit the decrease in the extinction column to ΔA3000 < 0.54 mag after t = 50 s in the rest frame. Together with studies of high-z quasars, our observations suggest a transition in dust properties in the early Universe, possibly associated with a transition between supernova-dominated and asymptotic giant branch-dominated modes of dust production.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2473-2487
Number of pages15
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume406
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2010

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Keywords

  • Dust, extinction
  • Gamma-ray burst: general
  • Gamma-ray burst: individual: 071025

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Perley, D. A., Bloom, J. S., Klein, C. R., Covino, S., Minezaki, T., Woźniak, P., Vestrand, W. T., Williams, G. G., Milne, P., Butler, N. R., Updike, A. C., Krühler, T., Afonso, P., Antonelli, A., Cowie, L., Ferrero, P., Greiner, J., Hartmann, D. H., Kakazu, Y., ... Yoshii, Y. (2010). Evidence for supernova-synthesized dust from the rising afterglow of GRB 071025 at z ∼ 5. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 406(4), 2473-2487. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2966.2010.16772.x