Evidences supporting Enterocytozoon hepatopenaei association with white feces syndrome in farmed Penaeus vannamei in Venezuela and Indonesia

Luis Fernando Aranguren Caro, Hung N. Mai, Orlando Pichardo, Roberto Cruz-Flores, Bambang Hanggono, Arun K. Dhar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

White feces syndrome (WFS) is an emerging and poorly described disease characterized by the presence of floating white fecal strings in shrimp (Penaeus monodon and P. vannamei) grow-out ponds. WFS has been associated with several pathogens, including Enterocytozoon hepatopenaei. This association is based on the fact that in areas where E. hepatopenaei has been reported, there was also a high WFS prevalence. E. hepatopenaei is an emerging pathogen that has affected cultured shrimp in Indonesia, Vietnam, China, Thailand, and India. In 2016, we reported the presence of E. hepatopenaei in farmed P. vannamei in Venezuela. In this study, we describe the first case of WFS in Venezuela associated with E. hepatopenaei. The white fecal strings and shrimp displaying white feces along the gastrointestinal tract observed in this study were similar to the gross signs found in WFS-impacted P. vannamei in SE Asian countries. Furthermore, we describe a strong association between WFS and E. hepatopenaei in the samples obtained from Venezuela and Indonesia. Quantification of E. hepatopenaei in WFS-affected ponds, ponds with a history of WFS, and ponds with no WFS showed that E. hepatopenaei loads were significantly higher in WFS-affected ponds. Furthermore, these findings constitute the first report of WFS being associated with E. hepatopenaei in farmed shrimp in Latin America. Additionally, we propose that the gross signs of WFS such as floating whitish fecal strings can be used as an indicator of the presence of E. hepatopenaei in countries where E. hepatopenaei is endemic.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)71-78
Number of pages8
JournalDiseases of aquatic organisms
Volume141
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Aquaculture
  • EHP
  • Enterocytozoon hepatopenaei
  • Shrimp disease
  • WFS
  • White feces syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Aquatic Science

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