Evidentiary and theoretical foundations for virtual simulation in nursing education

Hanne Dolan, Brayton J. Amidon, Sheila M. Gephart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Virtual simulation has been used extensively in nursing education since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic due to the unavailability of clinical sites. Extant research supports substitution of up to 50% of nursing clinical hours with simulation. However, in many nursing programs virtual simulation is currently substituting more than half of traditional clinical hours, and the knowledge gaps and limitations surrounding virtual simulation exist. The purpose of this paper is to describe the evidentiary and theoretical foundations for virtual simulation. Through examination of adult learning theories, learning styles and Bloom's Revised Taxonomy, recommendations for maximizing the use of virtual simulation in the current clinical learning environment are outlined. Debriefing is a vital component of virtual simulation. Synchronous debriefing with nursing students, faculty, preceptors, and peers provides the opportunity for scaffolding to support students’ learning needs and foster reflection and evaluation to mitigate shortcomings of virtual simulation in the current clinical learning environment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)810-815
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Professional Nursing
Volume37
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2021

Keywords

  • Andragogy
  • Bloom's taxonomy
  • Learning styles
  • Learning theory
  • Nursing education
  • Virtual simulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

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