Evolution of genome size in pines (Pinus) and its life-history correlates: Supertree analyses

Eva Grotkopp, Marcel Rejmánek, Michael Sanderson, Thomas L. Rost

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

148 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Genome size has been suggested to be a fundamental biological attribute in determining life-history traits in many groups of organisms. We examined the relationships between pine genome sizes and pine phylogeny, environmental factors (latitude, elevation, annual rainfall), and biological traits (latitudinal and elevational ranges, seed mass, minimum generation time, interval between large seed crops, seed dispersal mode, relative growth rate, measures of potential and actual invasiveness, and level of rarity). Genome sizes were determined for 60 pine taxa and then combined with published values to make a dataset encompassing 85 species, or 70% of species in the genus. Supertrees were constructed using 20 published source phylogenies. Ancestral genome size was estimated as 32 pg. Genome size has apparently remained stable or increased over evolutionary time in subgenus Strobus, while it has decreased in most subsections in subgenus Pinus. We analyzed relationships between genome size and life-history variables using cross-species correlations and phylogenetically independent contrasts derived from supertree constructions. The generally assumed positive relation between genome size and minimum generation time could not be confirmed in phylogenetically controlled analyses. We found that the strongest correlation was between genome size and seed mass. Because the growth quantities specific leaf area and leaf area ratio (and to a lesser extent relative growth rate) are strongly negatively related to seed mass, they were also negatively correlated with genome size. Northern latitudinal limit was negatively correlated with genome size. Invasiveness, particularly of wind-dispersed species, was negatively associated with both genome size and seed mass. Seed mass and its relationships with seed number, dispersal mode, and growth rate contribute greatly to the differences in life-history strategies of pines. Many life-history patterns are therefore indirectly, but consistently, associated with genome size.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1705-1729
Number of pages25
JournalEvolution
Volume58
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2004
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Genome Size
Pinus
life history
genome
Seeds
seed
seeds
Seed Dispersal
invasiveness
generation time
Phylogeny
Growth
leaf area
phylogeny
rarity
seed dispersal
life history trait
environmental factor

Keywords

  • Dispersal
  • Growth analysis
  • Invasiveness
  • Latitude
  • Nucleotypic effect
  • Phylogenetically independent contrasts
  • Seed size

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Genetics(clinical)
  • Ecology
  • Genetics

Cite this

Evolution of genome size in pines (Pinus) and its life-history correlates : Supertree analyses. / Grotkopp, Eva; Rejmánek, Marcel; Sanderson, Michael; Rost, Thomas L.

In: Evolution, Vol. 58, No. 8, 08.2004, p. 1705-1729.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Grotkopp, E, Rejmánek, M, Sanderson, M & Rost, TL 2004, 'Evolution of genome size in pines (Pinus) and its life-history correlates: Supertree analyses', Evolution, vol. 58, no. 8, pp. 1705-1729.
Grotkopp, Eva ; Rejmánek, Marcel ; Sanderson, Michael ; Rost, Thomas L. / Evolution of genome size in pines (Pinus) and its life-history correlates : Supertree analyses. In: Evolution. 2004 ; Vol. 58, No. 8. pp. 1705-1729.
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