Evolution of the Mazatzal province and the timing of the Mazatzal orogeny: Insights from U-Pb geochronology and geochemistry of igneous and metasedimentary rocks in southern New Mexico

Jeffrey M. Amato, Andre O. Boullion, Antonio M. Serna, Amos E. Sanders, G. Lang Farmer, George E Gehrels, Joseph L. Wooden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

New U-Pb zircon ages, geochemistry, and Nd isotopic data are presented from three localities in the Paleoproterozoic Mazatzal province of southern New Mexico, United States. These data help in understanding the source regions and tectonic setting of magmatism from 1680 to 1620 Ma, the timing of the Mazatzal orogeny, the nature of postorogenic maginatism, Proterozoic plate tectonics, and provide a link between Mazatzal subblocks in Arizona and northern New Mexico. The data indicate a period from 1680 to 1650 Ma in which juvenile felsic granitoids were formed, and a later event between 1646 and 1633 Ma, when these rocks were deformed together with sedimentary rocks. No evidence of pre-1680 Ma rocks or inherited zircons was observed. The igneous rocks have ENd(t) from -1.2 to +4.3 with most between +2 and +4, suggesting a mantle source or derivation from similar-aged crust. Nd isotope and trace element concentrations are consistent with models for typical are magmatism. Detrital zircon ages from metasedimentary rocks indicate that sedimentation occurred until at least 1646 Ma. Both local and Yavapai province sources contributed to the detritus. All of the samples older than ca. 1650 Ma are deformed, whereas undeformed porphyroblasts were found in the contact aureole of a previously dated 1633 Ma gabbro. Regionally, the Mlazatzal orogeny occurred mainly between 1654 and 1643 Ma, during final accretion of a series of island arcs and intervening basins that may have amalgamated offshore. Rhyolite magmatism in the southern Mazatzal province was coeval with gabbro intrusions at 1633 Ma and this bimodal magmatism may have been related to extensional processes following arc accretion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)328-346
Number of pages19
JournalBulletin of the Geological Society of America
Volume120
Issue number3-4
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2008

Fingerprint

metasedimentary rock
geochronology
orogeny
igneous rock
magmatism
geochemistry
zircon
gabbro
accretion
porphyroblast
aureole
rhyolite
plate tectonics
mantle source
tectonic setting
rock
detritus
island arc
sedimentary rock
Proterozoic

Keywords

  • Mazatzal province
  • Neodymium
  • New Mexico
  • Proterozoic
  • U-Pb geochronology
  • Zircons

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Evolution of the Mazatzal province and the timing of the Mazatzal orogeny : Insights from U-Pb geochronology and geochemistry of igneous and metasedimentary rocks in southern New Mexico. / Amato, Jeffrey M.; Boullion, Andre O.; Serna, Antonio M.; Sanders, Amos E.; Farmer, G. Lang; Gehrels, George E; Wooden, Joseph L.

In: Bulletin of the Geological Society of America, Vol. 120, No. 3-4, 03.2008, p. 328-346.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - New U-Pb zircon ages, geochemistry, and Nd isotopic data are presented from three localities in the Paleoproterozoic Mazatzal province of southern New Mexico, United States. These data help in understanding the source regions and tectonic setting of magmatism from 1680 to 1620 Ma, the timing of the Mazatzal orogeny, the nature of postorogenic maginatism, Proterozoic plate tectonics, and provide a link between Mazatzal subblocks in Arizona and northern New Mexico. The data indicate a period from 1680 to 1650 Ma in which juvenile felsic granitoids were formed, and a later event between 1646 and 1633 Ma, when these rocks were deformed together with sedimentary rocks. No evidence of pre-1680 Ma rocks or inherited zircons was observed. The igneous rocks have ENd(t) from -1.2 to +4.3 with most between +2 and +4, suggesting a mantle source or derivation from similar-aged crust. Nd isotope and trace element concentrations are consistent with models for typical are magmatism. Detrital zircon ages from metasedimentary rocks indicate that sedimentation occurred until at least 1646 Ma. Both local and Yavapai province sources contributed to the detritus. All of the samples older than ca. 1650 Ma are deformed, whereas undeformed porphyroblasts were found in the contact aureole of a previously dated 1633 Ma gabbro. Regionally, the Mlazatzal orogeny occurred mainly between 1654 and 1643 Ma, during final accretion of a series of island arcs and intervening basins that may have amalgamated offshore. Rhyolite magmatism in the southern Mazatzal province was coeval with gabbro intrusions at 1633 Ma and this bimodal magmatism may have been related to extensional processes following arc accretion.

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