Evolutionary conservation of a human function-associated molecule on murine natural killer cells

Expression and function

R. Kapuk, D. L. Evans, David T. Harris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Using a novel anti-natural killer (NK) cell monoclonal antibody (MoAb), we have recently identified an evolutionary conserved function-associated molecule (FAM) present on fish, rat and human NK cells. This molecule is involved in NK cell function as anti-FAM MoAbs inhibit cytotoxicity, stimulate lymphokine secretion and inhibit conjugate formation between effector cells and target cells. We now have examined murine NK cells for the presence of this structure. It was observed by two-colour flow cytometric analysis that the anti-FAM MoAb 5C6 specifically bound to a subpopulation of nylon wool non-adherent splenic lymphocytes (19-20%). The expression of the FAM molecule was restricted to NK cells that expressed the NK1.1 antigen. Neither T cells, B cells, nor macrophages reacted with the anti-FAM MoAb. Analysis of FAM expression in various lymphoid tissues revealed that splenocytes expressed the greatest numbers of MoAb( +) cells. Generation of lymphokine-activated killer (LAK) cells and adherent lymphokine-activated killer (ALAK) cells resulted in higher levels of FAM expression. The anti-FAM MoAb 5C6 also detected the presence of FAM on fresh SCID NK cells. It was demonstrated that the anti-FAM MoAb 5C6 inhibited the lysis of target cells by endogenous NK cells, activated NK cells, 5d LAK cells, ALAK cells and SCID NK cells. Moreover, conjugate assays demonstrated involvement of this molecule in recognition between NK cells and target cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)50-56
Number of pages7
JournalScandinavian Journal of Immunology
Volume40
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1994

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Natural Killer Cells
Lymphokine-Activated Killer Cells
Monoclonal Antibodies
Wool
Lymphokines
Nylons
Lymphoid Tissue
Fishes
B-Lymphocytes
Color
Macrophages
Lymphocytes
T-Lymphocytes
Antigens

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

Cite this

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title = "Evolutionary conservation of a human function-associated molecule on murine natural killer cells: Expression and function",
abstract = "Using a novel anti-natural killer (NK) cell monoclonal antibody (MoAb), we have recently identified an evolutionary conserved function-associated molecule (FAM) present on fish, rat and human NK cells. This molecule is involved in NK cell function as anti-FAM MoAbs inhibit cytotoxicity, stimulate lymphokine secretion and inhibit conjugate formation between effector cells and target cells. We now have examined murine NK cells for the presence of this structure. It was observed by two-colour flow cytometric analysis that the anti-FAM MoAb 5C6 specifically bound to a subpopulation of nylon wool non-adherent splenic lymphocytes (19-20{\%}). The expression of the FAM molecule was restricted to NK cells that expressed the NK1.1 antigen. Neither T cells, B cells, nor macrophages reacted with the anti-FAM MoAb. Analysis of FAM expression in various lymphoid tissues revealed that splenocytes expressed the greatest numbers of MoAb( +) cells. Generation of lymphokine-activated killer (LAK) cells and adherent lymphokine-activated killer (ALAK) cells resulted in higher levels of FAM expression. The anti-FAM MoAb 5C6 also detected the presence of FAM on fresh SCID NK cells. It was demonstrated that the anti-FAM MoAb 5C6 inhibited the lysis of target cells by endogenous NK cells, activated NK cells, 5d LAK cells, ALAK cells and SCID NK cells. Moreover, conjugate assays demonstrated involvement of this molecule in recognition between NK cells and target cells.",
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