Evolutionary Personality Psychology

Aurelio J Figueredo, J. A. Sefcek, C. J. Black, R. A. Garcia, William J Jacobs

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Multiple selective pressures maintain and increase heritable behavioral variability among individuals across both developmental and evolutionary time: (1) directional social selection favors convergent traits, promoting mutually beneficial cooperative interactions; (2) disruptive social selection favors divergent traits, providing release from within-species competition; (3) genetic diversification responds adaptively to the stochastic (random) characteristics of environmental hazards such as uncontrollable morbidity (disease) and mortality (death); (4) developmental plasticity epigenetically directs development adaptively along different alternative pathways, modifying permanent and stable behavioral dispositions to suit long-term contingencies of survival and reproduction; and (5) behavioral flexibility deploys rapid and reversible short-term adaptive behavioral responses to transient situations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Human Behavior
Subtitle of host publicationSecond Edition
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages111-117
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9780123750006
ISBN (Print)9780080961804
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2012

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Keywords

  • Behavioral flexibility
  • Developmental plasticity
  • Directional social selection
  • Disruptive social selection
  • Evolutionary psychology
  • Frequency-dependent selection
  • Genetic diversification
  • Heritable individual differences
  • Personality psychology
  • Theoretical evolutionary ecology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Figueredo, A. J., Sefcek, J. A., Black, C. J., Garcia, R. A., & Jacobs, W. J. (2012). Evolutionary Personality Psychology. In Encyclopedia of Human Behavior: Second Edition (pp. 111-117). Elsevier Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-375000-6.00390-6