Executive functions in preschool children born preterm

Application of cognitive neuroscience paradigms

Kimberly Andrews Espy, Melissa Meade Stalets, Melanie M. McDiarmid, Theresa E. Senn, Mary F. Cwik, Arlena Hamby

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

76 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Although children born preterm are at risk for neuropsychological impairments at school age and adolescence, including difficulties with visual motor integration, spatial/constructional skills, attention, arithmetic, and nonverbal executive functions, specific neuropsychological outcome has not been investigated adequately in preschoolers. Application of cognitive neuroscience tasks offers the opportunity to characterize early executive functions in young children born preterm. In a preliminary sample of 29 preschool children born preterm (M birth gestational age = 32.4 weeks), executive function outcome was compared to that of fullterm controls by contrasting performance on two prototypic delayed-response-type paradigms, Delayed Alternation and Spatial Reversal. Preschoolers born preterm correctly retrieved the reward on fewer trials on Delayed Alternation than did matched controls. Furthermore, preschool children born preterm used problem-solving strategies that included more perseverative errors than controls. These preliminary findings highlight the utility of cognitive neuroscience paradigms to understand neuropsychological outcome in preschool children born preterm and suggest areas of developmental vulnerability that may include dorsolateral prefrontal circuits.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)83-92
Number of pages10
JournalChild Neuropsychology
Volume8
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2002
Externally publishedYes

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Executive Function
Preschool Children
Premature Birth
Reward
Gestational Age
Cognitive Neuroscience

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

Cite this

Executive functions in preschool children born preterm : Application of cognitive neuroscience paradigms. / Espy, Kimberly Andrews; Stalets, Melissa Meade; McDiarmid, Melanie M.; Senn, Theresa E.; Cwik, Mary F.; Hamby, Arlena.

In: Child Neuropsychology, Vol. 8, No. 2, 06.2002, p. 83-92.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Espy, Kimberly Andrews ; Stalets, Melissa Meade ; McDiarmid, Melanie M. ; Senn, Theresa E. ; Cwik, Mary F. ; Hamby, Arlena. / Executive functions in preschool children born preterm : Application of cognitive neuroscience paradigms. In: Child Neuropsychology. 2002 ; Vol. 8, No. 2. pp. 83-92.
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